Sources and Dangers of Benzene and Benzopyrene

grilling food

Grilling season is almost here! There is something important I think you should know before you start roasting marshmallows and hot dogs over a campfire or fire up that grill.

Grilled food develops benzopyrenes that are very toxic. Benzopyrene is naturally emitted by forest fires and volcanic eruptions, and can also be found in coal tar, wood smoke, and is the major carcinogen present in cigarette smoke and evidence exists that links benzopyrene to the formation of lung cancer. Benzopyrene is in burnt foods such as coffee. Fumes that develop from fat dripping on blistering charcoal are rich in benzopyrene, which can condense on grilled foods. Benzopyrene is also made when food is toasted and smoked or cooked using direct flame heat. Hot dogs and lunch meats with "smoked flavor" have benzopyrene. It doesn't matter what kind of fuel is used, the benzopyrene develop due to lack of shielding between the food and the high heat source. A metal wall shields food from the heat. Aluminum foil is not a healthy option, because aluminum is a heavy metal that goes to the brain. Never bake or brown above 425 degrees. Temperatures are much higher in a microwave oven and can produce benzopyrenes.

Benzopyrene is harmful because it forms carcinogenic and mutagenic metabolites which insert into DNA and interfere with genetic information, represented by a sequence of DNA nucleotides, being copied into newly synthesized molecules of RNA, with the DNA serving as a template. The mechanism of action of benzopyrene-related DNA modification has been investigated extensively and relates to the activity of cytochrome P450.

Numerous medications, nutrients, and herbal therapies are metabolized through the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme system. In the intestine, not the liver, the CYP1A1 detoxification mechanism depends on TOLL-like receptor 2 (TLR2) that plays a role in the immune system. TLR2 is expressed by intestinal epithelial cells and subsets of lamina propria mononuclear cells (located under the basement membrane of the intestinal villi, between the columnar epithelial cells and lymphoid nodules embedded in the gut wall and Peyer’s patches) in the gastrointestinal tract and recognizes pathogens (bacteria, fungus, viruses), human waste products and foreign substances, passing appropriate signals to the innate immune system. The permeable intestinal lining selectively lets into the body the nutrients and chemicals it needs, while keeping out what is toxic.

Leaky gut occurs when the spaces between the intestinal epithelial cells separate, allowing the waste products of digestion, pathogens large and small, heavy metals and other toxic substances to pass through the spaces in the gut wall, directly into the blood stream. This very common problem occurs in a wide variety of clinical situations and is the reason for an incredibly high incidence of chronic symptoms and diseases today, because it is the beginning of disease. With the high incidence of leaky gut syndrome in chronic diseases, it seems logical to test for intestinal permeability in patients first, before making a diagnosis, prescribing medications or a diet.

In healthy intestines, the first phase of detoxification, which involves the cytochrome P450 oxidative enzyme system, converts some of the toxic load into substances that have free radical activity as well as carcinogenic properties. TLR2 regulates the expression of CYP1A1, which is a key enzyme in the detoxification of carcinogenic hydrocarbons, such as benzopyrene. The hydroxylation of benzopyrene by CYP1A1 catalyzes it into epoxide and further oxidizes it to form dihydrodiol, which is then catalyzed to form the ultimate carcinogen. CYP1A1 metabolism of various foreign agents to carcinogens has been implicated in the formation of various types of human cancer.

Phase 1 of the CYP1A1 system can be inhibited or induced by drugs. Drugs that induce CPY450 can increase the rate of another drug’s metabolism 2-3 fold. Drugs are chemicals, not any different in their metabolism than other chemicals. A medication that inhibits CYP450 metabolism can increase and possibly result in a harmful or adverse effect. Once altered, CYP1A1 can be clinically significant in the development of drug-drug interactions that may cause unanticipated adverse reactions or therapeutic failures. The deterioration of the intestinal epithelium into a condition known as Leaky Gut would also affect the function of this system. The chemical cocktail that leaks into the blood stream becomes a nightmare for the liver.

The solvent that does the most harm is benzene, which is classed as a hydrocarbon and the byproduct of the incomplete combustion of a variety of materials. The major sources of benzene exposure are tobacco smoke, automobile service stations, exhaust from motor vehicles, and industrial emissions, but also from ingestion and dermal absorption. Benzene is found in extremely allergic people. Benzene in an intermediate used to make other chemicals. The horrors of manufactured products is that they are especially toxic because of the solvents used to extract flavors and colors. Also, traces of solvents used to sterilize equipment are picked up and become part of the final product during the manufacturing process. Benzene is widespread in extremely small amounts. However, when benzopyrenes are added to a system with benzene, the total is entirely too much for the liver and benzene begins to accumulate in the thymus.

As long as the second phase of detoxification can quickly metabolize this load of free radicals and carcinogens by their chemical conjugation with glycine, glutathione, glucuronide, or sulfate by a healthy liver, there is no problem. These inert conjugated products are simply secreted into the bile, which then pass into the stool, and are excreted from the body. However, when the reserve capacity of this phase two system is exhausted, the liver cannot keep up with the task of metabolizing the high amount of free radicals and carcinogens. They overflow and cause damage locally, but also leak into general circulation, where they travel systemically through out the body and create profound biochemical damage in distant organs.

Parasites are all around us and we pick them up daily. Humans hold no superior status in the animal world and parasites view us as weak prey to feed on. All the organisms that predispose to disease are already in us. They have accumulated over a lifetime. Just like with other animals, parasites are kept in check by an ever vigilant immune system. However, when the intestinal wall and system fails, these invaders travel to their favorite organs, set up house and cause disease. Parasites are doing abnormal things in the presence of solvents, like benzene.

The thymus is extremely sensitive to benzene and with so much it in our products and foods, benzene will accumulate there. Benzene invites the intestinal fluke to use the thymus as its secondary host, ruins the immune system and sets the stage for AIDS. Benzene is found in 100% of HIV cases with reproduction of intestinal fluke stages in the thymus. Without benzene and the intestinal fluke in your body, you can't get HIV / AIDS.

Benzene exposure increases the risk of cancer and other illnesses, and is also a notorious cause of bone marrow failure. Many epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory tests link benzene to aplastic anemia, acute leukemia, and bone marrow abnormalities. Benzene goes to the bone marrow where T-cells are made, and to the thymus where T-cells are programmed, which are two huge blows to the immune system. As the thymus deteriorates from its benzene burden so does immunity. Benzene also targets liver, kidney, lung, heart and the brain and can cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal damage, etc.

The US Department of Health and Human Services classifies benzene as a human carcinogen, “It is generally considered that the only absolutely safe concentration for benzene is zero.” There is no safe exposure level and even tiny amounts can cause harm. Long-term exposure to levels that exceed 1 ppm of benzene in the air causes leukemia, a potentially fatal cancer of the blood-forming organs. IARC rated benzene as "known to be carcinogenic to humans". The specific malignancies that benzene is associated with include: acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL), aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

With so many polluted items, the detoxification capacity of the liver is easily maxed-out. Niacin or Niacin-amide and Vitamin B2 help the liver detoxify benzene and benzopyrene.

People trying to recover their health cannot afford any future solvent intake. Avoiding benzene and benzopyrene, as well as all other toxins and solvents, and cleansing the body of parasites helps the thymus recover and immunity returns.

Products that contain benzene include:

  • Flavored foods, yogurt, JELL-O, candies, throat lozenges, store bought cookies, cakes
  • Cooking oil and shortening (not olive oil, butter and lard)
  • Commercial beverages, bottled water, fruit juice
  • Toothpaste, including health brands
  • Cold cereal, including health brands
  • Ice cream and frozen yogurt
  • Hand cream, skin cream, moisturizers
  • Chewing gum
  • Vaseline products, chapstick, hand cleaners
  • Vitamins and health supplements
  • Personal lubricant, including condoms
  • Rubber cement, a component of gasoline due to its high octane number, pesticides, drugs, detergents, dyes
  • Tea Tree oil (except Thursday Plantation brand)

Other immune-lowering toxins include:
  • Alfa toxins and Mycotoxins from molds in food
  • Acetone in carbonated beverages and paint
  • Carbon tetrachloride in store bought drinking water
  • Decane in health foods and beverages
  • Hexanes and Pentane in decafs
  • Hexanedione and Isophorone in flavored foods
  • Isopropyl or propyl alcohol in bottled water, commercial fruit juices and beverages, shampoo
  • Methyl butyl ketone and Methyl ethyl ketone in flavored foods
  • Methylene chloride in fruit juice
  • Toluene and Xylene in carbonated beverages
  • Trichloroethane (TCE) and TC Ethylene in flavored foods
  • Wood alcohol (methanol) in carbonated drinks, diet beverages, herb tea blends, store-bought water and infant formula

Looking beyond the obvious takes time, energy, insight and fortitude, yet that is what I am passionate about and called to do. When the subject of health and disease comes up, most people run the other way or just ignore the conversation all together. I am a tireless researcher. The answers to many health and disease questions are clear and simple, but the modern medical model looks for the complex and mysterious, which rarely ever reveals the true causes of disease.

If you have questions, I am here for you. Call 301-293-1500 or email to schedule your free introductory consultation.

I look forward to serving you.
Johnna Wheeler
Certified Eating Psychology Coach

Why I don't like Plexus products

My Facebook feed has been flooded these past few years with comments about how “wonderful” Plexus is! I have been asked to give my opinion of their products several times by various people. This prompted me to look into it and what I found upset me for numerous reasons. I strongly dislike Plexus products for the same reasons I don’t recommend the products offered by many other companies. The following information is based on my careful research of the ingredients, conversations I have had with previous users of Plexus products and my previous personal experience with individual ingredients.

Plexus Worldwide claims that their supplements are solely made from natural ingredients and allude to the idea that testing is not required, however the ingredients have been tested. People assume that, since the ingredients are "natural," they don't have any harmful chemical additives, and because Plexus and many customer reviews maintain that they have yet to experience any ill effects from the use of these products, then any dangers must be minimal. I have zero confidence in any claims about the safety of any product that has used after just for a few weeks, months or even years?

Plexus Slim

Garcinia cambogia, also known as Citrin K. People in Asian countries, such as Pakistan and India were the first to use this fruit for culinary purposes as a condiment and flavoring agent.
  • The extraction of hydroxycitric acid (a harsh corrosive) from the dried rind is used to make a drug that suppresses appetite and general food cravings, resulting in weight loss. Supposedly, the best quality product contains 95% HCA (hydroxycitric acid), but this concentration is rare to come across in supplements. The majority of products contain 50-80% and some less, which are low-grade and not sufficient to get real weight loss results. Plexus Slim doesn’t indicate anything about this on its label. Taking calcium with G. cambogia can work against your body being able to fully absorb the HCA.
  • Caution is advised for patients being treated for pain, or any psychiatric condition due to a potential serotonergic effect (pertaining to or affecting serotonin).
  • G. cambogia may lower blood sugar levels.
  • It contains iron, which may adversely react with medications for anemia. Patients taking medications for heart disease, high blood pressure or arrhythmia should use caution while supplementing with any product containing this herb. Fatal liver failure has been documented in patients taking Singulair and a supplement containing G. cambogia.
  • Rhabdomyolysisis (a condition of damaged skeletal muscle rapid break down) is documented in patients taking a Statin drug while taking a combination herbal medicine containing G. cambogia.
  • Clinical studies on HCA documented adverse reactions including dizziness, dry mouth, nausea, GI complaints, and headache.
  • Toxicology studies indicate that severe or even fatal hepatotoxicity may occur in patients taking supplements containing G. cambogia. So this supplement may be closely associated with liver problems, which could probably be one of Plexus Slim’s dangers.

It is one thing to eat a natural whole food, with its cofactors and synergy intact, as a condiment, and another thing entirely to isolate one chemical component from that food and consume it in a concentrated amount, not to mention adding it to other concentrated chemical extracts forming combinations that don’t occur together the same way in nature. I must also mention that the chemicals used to extract these compounds end up as residues in the final product.

Alpha lipoic
  • May lower blood sugar, and taking it when there is a shortage of Thiamine may cause serious health problems.
  • Taking Alpha-lipoic acid might interfere with treatments for under-active or over-active thyroid.

Chromium (200 mcg) is used for body conditioning, to increase muscle and decrease body fat, improve athletic performance, increase energy, and to prevent age-related mental decline.
  • The major concern with chromium is that it is very reactive, especially with people who have low levels of blood sugars.
  • A lower blood sugar level often translates to an increased rate of metabolism, which also means a less energetic person. While the people who take this product may attribute reduced energy to consuming smaller portions of food, it is actually caused by the accumulation of chromium.
  • May lower blood sugar levels too much if taken along with diabetic medications.
  • Kidney and liver damage have been linked to chromium supplements.
  • Some individuals may develop chronic conditions such as diabetes and low blood pressure after taking Chromium for a while.
  • May affect brain chemistry and make behavioral or psychiatric conditions worse.
  • Some people experience side effects such as skin irritation, headaches, dizziness, nausea, mood changes and impaired thinking, judgment, and coordination.
  • High doses have been linked to more serious side effects including blood disorders, liver or kidney damage, and other problems.

So, follow my train of thought here. Plexus Slim contains Alpha lipoid acid, G. cambogia, and Chromium, all of which can lower blood sugar levels, plus Chromium is very reactive in people who have low blood sugar. Does that sound like a good combination?

Green coffee bean extract (containing an unknown, unlisted amount of chlorogenic acid and less than 2 percent natural caffeine). This derivative of chlorogenic acid from green coffee extract is Plexus Slim’s primary active ingredient.
  • The chemicals used in the process of removing the nutrient from its natural form and manufacturing processes have been known to add contaminants, which in turn can cause liver problems.
  • Randomized clinical trials examined the efficacy of green coffee extract supplements for weight loss, but green coffee extract was used for short periods of time (less than 16 weeks) and the studies did not look comprehensively at the subjects’ blood and urine for signs of adverse effects, such as kidney or liver damage, or elevated biomarkers for cardiovascular disease.
  • While we don’t know exactly how much Chlorogenic acid (a harsh corrosive) is in Plexus Slim, because the company chooses not to disclose that information, we do know that an earlier study found that a daily dose of 2,000 mg Chlorogenic acid caused significant increases in subjects’ homocysteine levels. Elevated homocysteine levels increase the risk of heart disease. However, it is possible that even lower levels of Chlorogenic acid could have negative effects on homocysteine levels and thus potentially raise the risk of heart disease in some individuals.
  • It is important to understand that green coffee contains caffeine, similar to regular coffee, even though the maker of Plexus slim claims it has no caffeine. Therefore, green coffee can cause caffeine-related side effects just like coffee including insomnia, nervousness and restlessness, stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, increased heart rate and respiration, adrenal exhaustion, long term stress related physical issues, headache, anxiety, agitation, bleeding disorders, ringing in the ears, increased pressure inside the eye increasing the risk of Glaucoma, irregular heartbeats, changes the way people with diabetes process sugar and other side effects. Caffeine allows for the spread of bacteria in the body by making tissues more permeable. Caffeine increases insulin and cortisol. insulin lowers blood sugar. Cortisol is a stress hormone. Sustained or chronically elevated cortisol levels are associated with suppressed immunity, hypertension, high blood sugar, insulin resistance, carbohydrate cravings, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, reduced libido, bone loss due to calcium excretion and non-caloric weight gain with fat deposits on the face, neck, and belly. If Caffeine had to get FDA approval today, it would be classified as a ‘drug’.

Guar Gum causes gas, diarrhea, gastrointestinal distress, narrowing or blockage of the esophagus or intestine, lower blood sugar levels, low blood pressure.

So, you’ve got Alpha lipoid acid, G. cambogia, Chromium and Guar Gum pulling blood sugar down while Cortisol is shoving it back up. That sounds like an internal struggle to me, not healing or homeostasis. Add caffeine and I picture someone who’s wired and tired. Has anyone ever studied the combined effects of all these substances? Not that I am aware of.

Polydextrose is a synthetic sugar made in a lab. It passes undigested into the colon where it promotes the growth of pathogenic bacteria. May cause intestinal gas, bloating, stomach cramps and diarrhea as the bad bacteria digest the sugar.

Citric acid may be corn based, and GMO.

Natural flavors can be another dangerous ingredient. The FDA permits MSG to be called "natural flavor". Mono Sodium Glutimate is a neurotoxin.

Plexus Slim contains some ingredients that may be extremely dangerous in the long term. This is a DRUG! Like so many drugs, it may have side effects.
  • Side effects include stomach pain, increase blood pressure, shakiness, elevated heart rate, intestinal and digestive problems such as severe constipation, nausea, vomiting and issues ranging from problems digesting specific foods to a complete shutdown of the digestive tract have occurred. An increasing number of users have reported chronic diarrhea with excess gas and dehydration.
  • Continued use of Plexus slim, may cause the development of liver problems. While some of the problems can be treated, their have also been cases of permanent damage. When a new client tells me they have been using plexus slim, I am immediately concerned about their liver function.
  • This product is extremely addictive and some users have reported being unable to stop the use of this drug. Those who do succeed in stopping the use of Plexus Slim, discovered the results experienced while they were taking the drug were than nullified. Weight gain is predictable, and even greater and much harder to manage once the drug is stopped. You have to keep taking it if you want to “stay slim” and they are addictive, so isn’t that a clever way to create life long customers and a consistent revenue stream!
  • Although many of the symptoms may not seem “serious” to most people, continued use may lead to serious health problems and chronic illness.
  • If you drink two shakes every day for one month is will cost $160. If you want Plexus Accelerator, add another $30 to that.

Plexus TriPlex = Plexus Slim, ProBio 5 & Bio Cleanse
The FDA has sent a warning letter to the owners of Plexus dated July 30, 2014, stating their concerns, “Your Fast Relief, ProBio5 and BioCleanse are not generally recognized as safe and effective…”


Formulated to empty the gastrointestinal tract, which is supposed to relieve occasional constipation, gas, bloating and discomfort, and remove harmful microbes and substances.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) May not be all natural vitamin C, but a cheaply made synthetic made from GMO corn added to stretch more expensive natural vitamin C from citrus ingredients.
Magnesium hydroxide (380 mg)
Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)

There is nothing special about this product. If you take enough Magnesium Oxide and/or vitamin C, it will do the exact same thing and cost a lot less.

ProBio 5

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) See above.
Protease breaks down carbohydrates
Cellulase breaks down cellulose
Serrapeptase (from the silkworm) breaks down protein.
  • It may interfere with blood clotting and make bleeding disorders worse. It seems to be safe when taken up to 4 weeks, but long-term safety is unknown.
Chitosanase is a genetically-engineered enzyme designed to degrade key structural polymers, known as ‘Chitin,” which is found in the cell walls of fungus.
  • This causes Candida to mutate, because it is able to manipulate the Chitin content of its cell wall.
Lactobacillus acidophilus helps to ease occasional digestive discomfort, providing relief from occasional diarrhea, cramping and gas.
Lactobacillus plantarum is known for its ability to produce hydrogen peroxide. The body uses hydrogen peroxide as a defense against bacteria consumed in food, as well as other microorganisms.
Bacillus coagulans like other lactic acid–producing bacteria, produces enzymes that assist in the digestion of lactose. It also improves the body’s ability to use calcium, phosphorus, and iron, and stimulates both gastric juices and gastric motility.
B. long is one of the more common strains of Bifidobacteria found in the GI tract. Its digestive benefits stem from its ability to break down carbohydrates, and to scavenge and neutralize natural toxins found in the gut. The antioxidant properties of this probiotic strain include the chelation of metal ions—especially copper—and the scavenging of free radicals.
Saccharomyces boulardii is a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast). It is used as a medicine to treat diarrhea caused by bad bacteria and general digestive problems.
Grape seed extract is a very weak anti-fungal.

Combining digestive enzymes with probiotic is ridiculous, in my opinion. Probiotic are "plants" and the enzymes break down the cell walls of plants. A “shelf stable” and “formulated to deliver 2 billion CFU per capsule + at time of manufacture” and to be "taken with a meal,” can not be effective, because heat from being on a shelf at room temperature and hydrochloric acid kills beneficial bacteria so they are not able to deliver live beneficial bacteria to the intestines in tact. My opinion, based on 30 years of repeated trial and error with similar products, is that this is a waste of money, at best.

Plexus Accelerator

Yerba mate leaf extract contains caffeine and is an appetite suppressant.
Higenamine hydrochloride has recently shown up in products promoted for weight loss. Higenamine is a stimulant found in several plants including aconite, Annona squamosa, Nandina domestica (sacred bamboo), and others.
  • The purified or extracted chemical Higenamine has not been studied in people.
  • Officially, its safety is not clear and it is labeled “possibly unsafe,” but it is important to note that Higenamine is one of the main chemicals in a plant called Aconite. Aconite has been shown to cause serious heart-related side effects including arrhythmias and even death. These side effects from aconite ingestions may very likely be caused by the Higenamine.
  • Higenamine works like a stimulant. In some parts of the body it relaxes tissues and in other parts of the body, such as the heart, it causes tissues to contract. It increases heart contractions, speeding up heart rate, working the heart harder and harder, which ages the body faster.
Chromium (150 mg) (see above)
Titanium dioxide is on the label of many supplements on the market today.
  • A toxic substance that collects in the brain, especially the inflamed seizure control center of people with a convulsive disorder.
  • It has been classified as possibly carcinogenic.
The University of British Columbia published a paper in 1999 stating “We found that ultra-fine particles of the anatase form of titanium dioxide, which are less than 0.1 microns, are disease causing.” Titanium is known to cause lung cancer in the workers who breathe in the dust, so is it an acceptable thing to keep supporting the demand for products that necessitate the workers, who are at some point involved in processing this ingredient, to face this risk? I don’t think so.

Plexus Edge

Will likely put you on the edge with an amount of caffeine equivalent to one cup of coffee.

Plexus Ease

New Zealand green lipped mussel powder is POSSIBLY SAFE.
  • Can cause diarrhea, nausea, and intestinal gas.
  • May cause liver problems.
  • There is not enough reliable information about its safety.
  • Possible reaction for people allergic to shellfish and certain blood types (A) who should avoid mussels.
  • May contain lectins that are harmful to people with type A blood. Lectins agglutinate and cause inflammation in the body.

Plexus Blocker

Contains ingredients to block the absorption of up to 48% of carbs and sugars from your meal.
Chromium (200 mcg) (see above)
White kidney bean - Phaseolus vulgaris extract blocks the digestion of long-chain carbohydrates by inhibiting amylase, interfering with the breakdown of simple to complex carbs and absorbable sugars by limiting their immediate gastrointestinal absorption. It also suppresses appetite similar to chlorogenic acid.
  • This puts the body into a dangerous state of ketosis. Read more.
  • Contains lectins that are harmful to people with type O, A, & AB blood. Lectins agglutinate and cause inflammation in the body.
Ascophyllum nodosum contains compounds called Phlorotannins, which may inhibit starch and lipid absorption, but this effect is very unreliable, as two human studies reported opposite effects. It also contains a compound called Ascophyllan, which may stimulate the immune system.
  • It may contain concentrated toxic heavy metals, such as arsenic, from the water in which is grows.
  • There is no evidence to support its usefulness and more research is needed to determine the practical significance of this ingredient in supplements.
Commercial harvesting of this seaweed negatively impacts intertidal zone communities and the over 100 marine species that live there, including commercially important fish, benthic invertebrates and wild shore and sea birds.
Fucus vesiculosus - Bladderwrack
  • Is POSSIBLY SAFE when applied to the skin, but it is not safe to take by mouth.
  • Its high iodine concentrations may cause or worsen some thyroid problems, cause goiter and increase the risk of thyroid cancer.
  • It may contain concentrated toxic heavy metals, such as arsenic, from the water in which is grows.
  • It may slow blood clotting, increase bruising or bleeding, cause infertility in women, cause an allergic reaction in people who are iodine sensitive.

Plexus X Factor

Aloe vera
  • Contains a substance called anthraquinone which can cause diarrhea, pain, cramps and dehydration.
  • May cause adverse reactions when consumed with medicines or inhibit the absorption of some drugs.
  • Can lower blood sugar levels by decreasing insulin resistance in the body and potassium levels in the body, cause irregular heartbeats, weakness and soft muscles.
  • Side effects include skin rash, hives, swollen skin, difficulty breathing, chest pain and throat irritation.
  • Aloe contains latex and may be problematic for people with a latex allergy.
  • It may aggravate health problems like colitis, IBS, IBD, Crohn’s, appendicitis, diverticulosis, intestinal obstruction, hemorrhoids, stomach ulcers, can cause hepatitis in people with liver problems.
  • May cause the body to produce excess adrenaline, which can harm people with heart conditions.
  • Consuming Aloe vera for more than one year may cause pseodomelanosis coli, a condition which increases the risk of colorectal cancer.
  • Its purgative and irritant qualities can stimulate contractions, leading to miscarriage and birth defects.
  • It is considered unsafe for some people, the elderly and children under 12 years of age.
New Zealand black current extract
  • May lower blood pressure, slow blood clotting and increase the risk of bruising and bleeding.
Guar Gum (see above)

Plexus Nerve

Horse chestnut extract
  • Contains a substance that thins the blood.
  • Not for long term use.
  • May cause dizziness, headache, stomach upset, slow blood clotting, bruising, bleeding, low blood sugar, GI tract irritation, liver injury, kidney problems, inflammation, and itching.
  • Not enough is known about the safety of using horse chestnut seed extract from which the poisonous esculin has been removed. Best to avoid if you have a latex allergy.
  • Lithium interacts with horse chestnut, as does medications for diabetes and anticoagulant medications.
  • Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.
Butchers broom is a laxative and diuretic that increases urine output.
  • May blood vessels to narrow or constrict, stomach upset and nausea.
  • May speed up the nervous system, increase blood pressure, increase heart rate.
  • Do not use for more than 3 months.
  • Not enough reliable information is known about the safety of butcher’s broom when used long term.
  • Interactions with medications for high blood pressure and stimulant medications including pseudoephedrine (Sudafed, others), ephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, and others.
Quercetin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects
  • Possibly safe taken by mouth short-term, less than 12 weeks. The safety of long-term use or larger amounts are unknown.
  • May cause headache, tingling of arms and legs.
  • May cause kidney damage at high doses.
  • May decrease the effectiveness of antibiotics by preventing the medication from killing bacteria. This raises concern for me, because it may also sabotage the efforts of parasite cleansing herbs and homeopathic remedies.
  • May decrease how quickly Cyclosporin (Neoral, Sandimmune) are broken down by the liver, increasing the effects and side effects of this medication.
Alpha lipoid acid See above.
Titanium dioxide See above.

Plexus MegaX

Buglossoides arvensis seed oil (Ahiflower) is a refined, edible oil obtained from this herbaceous plant. The use of this “novel food ingredient” was blocked by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) until 2013 because the plant itself contains active substances such as pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which have been linked to antigonadotrophic activity; affecting hormones. Refining processed reduce these below the maximum limits set by the EU. Also Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and eruct acid, came within safe limits for this carcinogen. The other undesirable substances in this oil were not mentioned.
Avocado oil

  • Contains lectins that are harmful to people with type O, B, & AB blood. Lectins agglutinate and cause inflammation in the body.
Sea buckthorn berry oil
  • Research shows it does not reduce body weight.
  • Not enough reliable information about safety.
  • May slow blood clotting.
  • May increase the risk of bruising and bleeding.
  • May lower blood pressure.
Pomegranate seed oil
  • Contains lectins that are harmful to people with type B & AB blood. Lectins agglutinate and cause inflammation in the body.
  • May lower blood pressure slightly.
  • Some people are allergic to pomegranate.

Plexus Family Multi

Dextrose is corn based, GMO. Causes weight gain for people with type O blood.
Xylitol is an alcohol sugar.
  • May feed Candida and other pathogenic microorganisms in the gut.
  • May cause diarrhea and intestinal gas.
Malic acid is an alfa hydroxy acid that is highly corrosive.
  • May cause GI tract distress, including inflammation of the epithelial layer of the intestines.
Maltodextrin is an artificial sweetener made from corn (GMO). It is used in supplements designed to boost energy.
  • May spike blood sugar.
  • May promote the growth of unhealthy bacteria.
  • May damage beneficial bacteria populations that live in the intestine.
  • May contribute to leaky gut.
  • May increase the risk of inflammatory disease.
  • May cause unexplained weight gain.
  • Other symptoms may include bloating, flatulence, allergic reactions - rash, asthma, itching, difficulty breathing.
Beta cyclodextrin is a synthetic sugar.
  • Long term use may cause kidney and liver problems with obstruction of renal tubules and single cell necrosis in the liver.
Dicalcium phosphate is a synthetic calcium supplement.
  • When taken in conjunction with other medications, can have negative consequences.
  • Calcium decreases the absorption and effectiveness of the anti-epileptic drug Phenytion, and the antibiotics Quinolone and Tetracycline. Taken with Verapamil may cause symptoms similar to calcium overdose, which can include kidney stones, fatigue, muscle weakness, nausea and vomiting, frequent urination, changes in heart rate, confusion, constipation or diarrhea, headaches and coma.
  • Symptoms of gastrointestinal problems including nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, stomach pain, thirst, dry mouth and increased urination have been reported.
  • May increase the severity of symptoms in people who are already experiencing diarrhea, parathyroid disease, lung disease, kidney stones or other stomach-related problems.
  • Prolonged use of phosphate salts may upset the balance of phosphates and other chemicals in the body.
  • Can interact with anti-epileptic medication and antibiotics, by decreasing the absorption of the drugs. Taking with Verapamil may cause calcium overdose, which can include kidney stones, fatigue, muscle weakness, nausea and vomiting, frequent urination, changes in heart rate, confusion, constipation or diarrhea, headaches and coma.
  • Topically, it may cause skin irritation (dermatitis, redness, swelling, itching), so it can damage the internal skin (GI tract) when taken internally. Prolonged use may lead to dry or chapped skin. This reaction may spread to areas that have not been in contact with it.
  • Pain can be caused by deposits of uric acid and various phosphates (mono calcium phosphate, tricalcium phosphate and dicalcium phosphate), which become a breeding ground for bacteria. Phosphates give the deposits a rigid structure that is difficult to dissolve (like heel spurs). Other phosphate sources include carbonated beverages, processed meats and grain products. The body neutralizes and eliminates phosphate by combining it with calcium and magnesium. Magnesium is often in very short supply since it comes from green vegetables and is not stored by the body. The body pulls calcium from teeth and bones to accomplish this, which dissolves bone structure and washes out with the urine. So, if you are deficient, unneutralized phosphate is very acidic and will burn the delicate kidneys.
Cyanocobalamin (B12) is a cheap, synthetic version of B12 vitamin made in a laboratory.
  • This vitamin in bound to a toxic, poisonous cyanide. The body converts Cyanocobalamin into the physiological forms, Methylcobalamin and Adenosylcobalamin, leaving behind the cyanide. The Cyanide molecule must be removed from the body by the liver. To do this, the liver must steal methyl groups from your body, which uses up Glutathione, which is in short supply anyway, potentially worsening your overall health rather than helping it.
Guar Gum See above.

Plexus Ease Cream

Alcohol (SDA 40) - Isopropyl Alcohol
  • Is associated in 100% of cancer cases with reproduction of intestinal fluke parasite stages in a variety of organs, causing cancer in these organs.
  • It strips away the skin's natural acid layer which protects it from bacteria, molds and viruses. It is made from a petroleum bi-product called Propylene, which may promote brown spots and age the skin prematurely.
  • May act as a central nervous system depressant. Poisoning can occur from skin absorption causing flushing, headache, dizziness, nausea, CNS depression, vomiting, anesthesia, hypothermia, hypotension, shock, respiratory depression, and coma.
  • This solvent may cause intestinal flukes (flatworm) and other parasite eggs to hatch before being evacuated. The larvae pass through the intestinal wall and into the blood stream where they travel to the weakest parts of the body and cause disease.
New Zealand green lipped mussel (see above)
Polysorbate 80 can be found in just about everything from chewing gum, food shortening, gelatin, ice cream and continents to vitamins, soap, shampoo, skin creams, medicine and cosmetics. On ingredient lists, it is also called Alkest, Cancel and Tween. It is also an ingredient in some vaccines.
  • The material safety data sheet states this potentially toxic substance is highly irritating to the skin, reproductive effects, cause cancer and has a mutagenic effect.
  • Cosmetic grade is more likely to contain impurities, like ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane, which pose a high hazard (8/10 and 10/10). Half of products containing ethoxylated surfactants also contain 1,4-dioxane, which is listed as a carcinogen and causes cancer. Effects include skin irritant, central nervous system depressant, kidney and liver damage. It may aggravate existing blood, liver, kidney, central nervous system and skin conditions.
  • Food grade may cause gastrointestinal distress.
  • It may induce low grade inflammation, and obesity/metabolic syndrome and robust colitis.
  • It has been linked to Crohn’s, increased risk of blood clots, stroke, heart attack, hear failure, tumor growth and recurrence in patients with certain types of cancer.
Your skin is the largest organ of the body and is as absorbent as a sponge, taking in everything you put on it, as if eaten. That’s why medication patches work.
Potassium sorbate
  • Can cause skin and eye irritation, including contact urticaria.
  • It is used to prevent the growth of mold, fungi and yeast. In foods, it can also kill beneficial bacteria in the intestines.
  • When consumed regularly, it may cause long-term side effects which can be harmful, like diarrhea which can cause depletion of the nutrient value in their system.
  • Potassium overwhelming the system can cause nausea.
  • In skin care and cosmetic products, it can cause rashes and irritation with overexposure. In extreme cases, can lead to kidney problems and serious damage over time. To avoid overexposure, opt out of using canned and preprocessed foods, fruits and vegetables that are coated in a wax that contains Potassium sorbate to protect them from contaminants in the store, hygiene products and makeup listing this ingredient.
Phenoxyethanole is created by treating phenol with ethylene oxide in an alkaline medium. It fights bacteria, which can easily grow in the natural oils and botanical ingredients in the product.
  • It is an Ethoxylated compound that may be contaminated with carcinogenic toxin 1,4-Dioxane.
  • Animal studies show it affects the brain and nervous system, caused DNA mutations, and an endocrine disruptor that also caused damage to bladder and acute pulmonary edema. It has not been tested on humans.
  • It causes skin irritation, is classified as an irritant in the EU and its use is restricted in Japan. Deemed ‘perfectly safe’ in the US and UK, it is permitted in cosmetics as a preservative in concentrations up to 1% (a 200 ml bottle contains 1 teaspoon).
  • May cause skin irritation, possibly damage and is known to cause dermatitis.
Titanium dioxide See above.
Aloe vera See above.

Plexus Body Cream
Cetearyl Alcohol is a skin irritant
Glyceryl Stearate SE is a mild irritant that may cause allergic reactions.
Sodium Stearyl Lactylate is a mild irritant
Guar Gum See above.
Potassium Sorbate See above.
Aloe vera See above.

My conclusion

Plexus Worldwide started out making products for people with type 2 diabetes, but when they found out that their customers were using their products to lose weight, they shifted their entire product line to make much more profit marketing to the weight conscious consumer. Now, they don't talk about diabetes! That tells me they care more about profits than helping people. This makes me suspicious in other areas and question everything about their products.

I feel the company is manipulative. The Plexus Ambassador (merchant) program is multi level marketing scheme that gives its participants money in exchange for raving about their products. This creates biased reviews about the products, when in reality it is all about getting some free products, a price break for themselves or making a little income. Maybe these ambassadors are misguided, haven’t been thorough in their research and want to believe the hype? The majority of Plexus Worldwide reviews online label it a "scam". To find true reviews, you have to search. My focus is on the health and safety of people, not exposing fraud. I consider the use of these products as just another dangerous fad, but I believe it’s worse than that. The ingredients in these supplements can be addictive and may be harmful or extremely dangerous long term, and I view the ambassadors as ‘drug pushers.’

Have there been any animal or laboratory toxicity studies done on Plexus Slim? Has Plexus Slim been tested in human studies for safety? This level of research does not exist for Plexus Slim, even though the company website makes the claim, “Its effectiveness has been clinically proven.” However, the company does not reference this claim and does not provide any additional information on its website to support it. Ideally, it would be best for Plexus products to undergo testing in humans, which includes a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which both safety and efficacy are evaluated over several consecutive years, not weeks, and the results published in a peer-reviewed medical journal.

Supplement companies, who take quality assurance and manufacturing practices very seriously, test all raw materials and finished products for purity and potency using scientifically valid test methods. Their supplements are manufactured in FDA-inspected facilities and/or in facilities that exceed the FDA’s good manufacturing practices. They also disclose the amounts of each ingredient or the total amount of a propriety blend. Even with all of that, keep this in mind.

‘Natural’ substances cannot be patented. Without a patented product, companies can’t make a profit. So, the ingredients in supplements have been fractionated, at best, or synthetically manufactured in a lab, but are not usable by the body because the synergy and cofactors have been removed or the body doesn’t identify the synthetic chemical copy as the real thing, which nature in its wisdom has provided. To survive, the body will try to utilize the closest approximate thing, but in doing so, it consumes itself by stealing nutrients from itself to make a processed, man-made product of any use whatsoever. Ultimately, what you end up with is more deficiency than if you didn’t supplement, and faster aging.

Plexus Worldwide provides very little information about its quality assurance protocols or manufacturing practices, leaving questions about whether Plexus Slim is tainted or contaminated. Can the company prove with independent lab testing that Plexus Slim does not contain contaminants or adulterants? For example, Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein. Sibutramine is a controlled substance and the active pharmaceutical ingredient in Meridia, an approved prescription drug to treat obesity. Some of the tainted products tested by the FDA recommend taking more than three times the recommended daily dosage of Sibutramine, putting consumers at risk of serious adverse effects such as increased blood pressure, tachycardia, palpitations, and seizure. Phenolphthalein is a laxative drug banned by the FDA in 1999 for potential cancer risks. FDA laboratory tests have revealed the presence of contamination and adulteration in a number of tainted weight loss products being sold over the counter, however, the FDA’s tally contains only a tiny fraction of products on the market. Plexus Slim has not been identified on the FDA’s list. Because of these issues and more, it is not easy to definitively know whether Plexus Slim is safe or not.

Supplements are intense, compact sources of information that the body has not evolved with. When taken in a food based form for a few weeks or months, they can be incredibly effective tools for health and wellness, but our organs can only handle so much, and wisdom is required. It is best not to guess or take chances on supplements without guidance from someone who is experienced in these things. Avoid supplements that do not disclose the basic information about ingredient sources, their amounts, quality control, and manufacturing practices.

The weight loss industry has grown by leaps and bounds for the past decade, because people with the exceedingly busy schedules which leave no time for proper exercise, or meal planning, shopping and preparation, force individuals to look for alternative, fast and easy ways to lose weight. The problem isn’t excess weight but EXCESS, period. I’m not talking about excess food, but a lifestyle of 'too much' that doesn’t work with the biochemistry of the body and how it was built to function.

You can reduce body fat by natural methods, which are not addictive, don’t force the body to do unnatural functions, doesn’t cost a fortune and have sustainable results. More importantly, you will understand that your external transformation needs to be more than skin deep. To have a body you can love, you must first love yourself, inside and out. Excess weight reveals the need for internal transformation, concerns deep matters of the soul and begs us to learn the life lessons we try so hard to avoid, but can’t face and resolve without help. Weight loss is no guarantee of happiness. You can have the body you like in the mirror and not be happy. Either you will continue to look at your reflection with a critical eye or you will be afraid of the gaining weight back again.

Wouldn’t you prefer to use products that you don’t have to worry about??? All choices have consequences, and even not making a choice - is a choice. Thoroughly research the important facts about all products before making a choice.

I am a Certified Eating Psychology Coach who has been trained to help people transform their emotional and physical body while addressing many common chronic symptoms and helping the body return to homeostasis. I am here for you. Please reach out to me in an
email or call 301-293-1500 and lets schedule your free introductory consultation to talk about how I can be of service to you. Johnna Wheeler

Prebiotic Foods

A prebiotic is defined as “nondigestible food compounds that are indigestible by humans but are digestible by intestinal bacteria and thus serve as an energy source for beneficial bacteria that live in the human intestine. The human intestine contains about 300-500 different species of bacteria that can be divided into health-promoting ones, like Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli and into harmful ones such as some types of Clostridia. Prebiotics help to stimulate the growth of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon, cultivate healthy bowel flora, particularly bifidobacteria, that beneficially affects the host and thus improves the host's health”. Increasing bifidobacteria has been associated with a wide array of health benefits ranging from decreases in insulin to improved mental health.

Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are short chains of variable length made up of the sugars galactose and glucose. GOS are considered prebiotics, which support the most favorable growth of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli. GOS have numerous purported beneficial effects. GOS stimulates calcium absorption and the absorption of magnesium can be improved as well. GOS can offer relief to constipation by increasing the frequency of defecation, soften the stools and improve stool consistency.

GOS are believed to mimic the oligosaccharides found naturally in human breast milk and may contribute to the known health benefits of breastfeeding. Infant formulas in Europe have been supplemented with GOS since 2001, and numerous studies support the safety and prebiotic effects of GOS supplementation in infants. In Europe, formulas containing up to eight grams of GOS per liter are considered safe for infants, and a prebiotic mixture of 10% long-chain inulin and 90% GOS has been added to infant formulas since 2001.

Oligosaccharides are generally considered to be safe when consumed as part of normal diet. In several studies, a lack of adverse effects was observed. The side effects of galactooligosaccharides (GOS) intake are mild laxative effects and gas. Symptoms may be more severe if consumed by sensitive individuals or if large quantities are consumed. The GOS-rich foods are legumes that contain amylopectin, which has the potential to affect blood sugar, and lectins, which are indigestible and potentially inflammatory in some people depending on blood type, and phytates that bind calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc and make them unavailable for absorption. Some people also advocate extended soaking to reduce phytate content, but this also reduces the GOS content by around 25%, as well. Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) may interact with alcohol, caffeine, calcium salts, foods containing calcium, drugs that weaken the immune system, laxatives, mineral oil, foods containing phytic acid, foods containing other prebiotics, foods containing vitamin D and herbs.

To increase GOS, there are expensive nutritional supplements you can buy that contain beta glucan sources from oats. Commercial preparations of GOS (Bi2muno®) may contain up to 25% lactose in liquid form and up to 30% lactose in powder form. I recommend that you obtain nutrients from real, whole foods, the way Nature’s wisdom provides. Small portions are ideal. Maximum benefits and tolerability of GOS fibers occurs at an intake in the neighborhood of 5 grams per day. (naturally in human and bovine milk).

The fermentation by of galacto-oligosaccharides and isomaltooligosaccharides by specific beneficial bacteria produces the least volume of gas when compared to other prebiotic oligosaccharides. However, fructans and alpha-linked galactose-containing oligosaccharides, such as those found in various legumes and beans, can be fermentationed by a number of other colonic bacteria that do produce more gas; (lentils, chickpeas/hummus, green peas, Lima beans, kidney beans).

Isomaltulose is a disaccharide carbohydrate composed of glucose and fructose; (honey, sugarcane juice, and black-strap molasses).

Inulins are a group of naturally occurring polysaccharides produced by many types of plants. Industrially inulin is most often extracted from chicory. The inulins belong to a class of dietary fibers known as fructans. Inulin is used by some plants as a means of storing energy and is typically found in roots or rhizomes. Most plants that synthesize and store inulin do not store other forms of carbohydrate such as starch. Due to its resistance to digestive enzymes, inulin remains in tact until it reaches the large intestine, where it is converted by colonic bacteria to a gel known as a prebiotic that is highly nourishing to gut microflora; (banana/plantain, chicory, dandelion, garlic, globe artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke (pictured below), jicama, onion).

jerusalem artichoke raw
Jerusalem Artichokes have a delicate nutty flavor that you don't want to miss. I cook them in a skillet with butter and salt. They are excellent for increased intestinal motility!

Isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMO) is a mixture of short-chain carbohydrates that naturally occur as a plant-based dietary fiber, which resist digestion-resistant and has a prebiotic effect, soluble, and low-glycemic; (rice miso, fermented soy sauce, honey).

Raffinose oligosaccharides is a trisaccharide composed of galactose, glucose, and fructose; (beans, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, other vegetables, and whole grains).

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are oligosaccharides that occur naturally in plants; (asparagus, beet, garlic, chicory, onion, Jerusalem artichoke, honey, banana, barley, tomato, and rye). Also Heather’s Tummy Fibers and sprouted wheat (sprouted spelt flour, Sprouted Spelt bread & Ezekiel bread).

Heathers soluble fiber IBS constipation

Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) are sugar oligomers made up of xylose units. Avoid supplementation if you have a known allergy or hypersensitivity to lactose; (bamboo shoots, fruits, vegetables, milk, and honey).

Cultivate variety in your diet
No single prebiotic fiber will fully cultivate wide species diversity of healthy different beneficial microbial species because each “prefers” different fibers, based on their ability to metabolize them. While some prefer GOS, others prefer FOS, inulin or other fibers. To cultivate species diversity in beneficial bacteria species, your prebiotic fiber routine should include a variety of prebiotic fiber in your diet every day. Fiber-rich sources are just one ingredient in the overall effort toward optimal health.

Primitive cultures who have not been exposed to antibiotics, processed foods, additives, solvents, chlorinated water, plastics, pesticides, herbicides, hybridized grains and all the other factors that disrupt bowel flora composition, have a wide diversity of microbial species, as compared to the narrower range of species in people of industrialized, modern cultures.

Prebiotics differ from probiotics
Probiotics are bacteria (such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium) often taken as supplements to promote the establishment of beneficial gut bacteria.

Every day I have beet, globe artichoke, dandelion (in season), Heather's Tummy Fibers, onion and garlic in my salad. I have broccoli, asparagus and Brussel sprouts, each once a week, as part of my weekly vegetable rotation. Daily, I have a ‘Prebiotic Patty’ with my vegetables at lunch every day. See Recipe blog - "What's for lunch?"

If you are interested in obtaining the beneficial effects of prebiotic fibers, note that these are strategies that should only be pursued if you do not have dysbiosis. (Prebiotic fibers will make dysbiosis worse, as indicated by abdominal pain, excessive bloating and gas, and diarrhea, since they feed undesirable microbial species as well as desirable.)

If you have been told or suspect you have Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO), Small intestinal Fungal Overgrowth (SIFO), Food or environmental allergies or intolerance, Leaky Gut, Candida Yeast Overgrowth or Systemic Candidiasis, please reach out to me via email to schedule your free introductory consultation. I can help you get your health and your life back on track.

Aloe Vera - Internally


Aloe vera is said to be a wonderful healing remedy for external skin, but two FDA advisory panels concluded that there was insufficient evidence that aloe vera was useful for treating minor burns, cuts, or abrasions, or for treating minor vaginal irritations. Prolonged use of aloe applied to the skin can cause hives, allergic skin reactions, redness of the skin and eyelids, delayed wound healing, hardening of the skin, Henoch-Schönlein purpura (purple spots on the skin), skin dryness, skin inflammation from sun exposure, soreness, splitting of the skin, stinging, and widespread skin inflammation. I do not recommend aloe for healing postoperative incision.

False advertising claims for aloe are common. Aloe products for internal use have been promoted for constipation, coughs, wounds, ulcers, diabetes, cancer, headaches, arthritis, immune-system deficiencies, treating the AIDS virus, or other chronic and debilitating conditions. However, the only substantiated internal use is as a laxative.

Aloe vera juice contains a substance called anthraquinone, a laxative, which can cause diarrhea. The FDA has approved aloe latex (a harsh stimulant laxative) for OTC use as a laxative ingredient. Severe diarrhea can cause pain, cramps, dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in the body. It also changes urine color to pink or red in color. People who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome and gastrointestinal problem, should not drink aloe vera juice, as it contains high amount of laxatives which can increase the severity of the problem. Prolonged usage of aloe vera juice can increase the risk of constipation. The chemicals in aloe vera can produce painful cramping and the product is not recommended for use as a laxative because of the significant digestive side effects that follow and it can cause dependency if used as a laxative. Aloe latex in the juice causes a loss of potassium in the cells lining the intestines. With continued use as a laxative, it can cause a kind of paralysis of the intestines, Also, intake of aloe latex can cause depletion of the potassium from the cells of the intestinal lining.

I can tell you from my personal experience taking aloe vera for many months that you don't want to drink aloe vera juice. I thought the healing properties that work so well on external skin would help heal my leaky gut and chronic constipation, but it ripped my intestines to shreds and distressed my liver. Here's what I know about internal aloe vera side effects, which far outweigh the benefits I have heard attributed to aloe.

Aloe vera juice contains anthroquinones and anthrones in the aloe latex, ingredients which have many health risks associated with it. It can aggravate health problems like leaky gut, colitis, Crohn’s disease, appendicitis, diverticulosis, intestinal obstruction, hemorrhoid, stomach pains and ulcers.

Aloe vera juice lowers blood sugar levels by decreasing insulin resistance in the body. Thus, people who are undergoing treatment for hypoglycemia or diabetes should consult their physician before consuming aloe vera juice.

Consuming aloe vera juice, for more than a year can cause pseudomelanosis coli, a condition which increases the risk of colorectal cancer. There are even possibilities of developing carcinogenic risk if consumed in high amounts. Injection of aloe vera is illegal in the United States, but some desperate cancer patients have died who were treated with aloe vera intravenously in other countries where there is less regulation.

It is said that aloe vera contains anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties that aid the immune system to cleanse the body of toxins and invading pathogens. My experience is that aloe harms beneficial bacteria populations and encourages pathogens to mutate. This harms the immune system.

Drinking aloe vera juice can also result in allergic reactions like
internal skin rash or hives, itchy or swollen skin, causing inflamed bowel, lung inflammation that causes difficulty breathing, chest pain, and throat irritation.

There are also reports which suggest hepatitis is caused by consumption of aloe vera juice, becoming a cause of concern for people with liver problems. The United States National Library of Medicine reports that taking internal aloe vera may lead to liver injury, often between 3 and 24 weeks after consumption.

Aloe vera juice may cause adverse reactions when consumed along with medications. Aloe vera may inhibit or increase the effects of some prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications.

Aloe may increase the risk of bleeding.

Overdose of aloe vera juice can cause blood build-up in the pelvis, which leads to kidney damage.

Consumption of aloe vera juice can lead the body to produce excessive amounts of adrenaline, which can be harmful for people suffering from heart conditions. It can also lower potassium in the blood, causing irregular heartbeats, weakness and soft muscles. Hence, it is not recommended for children and elderly people.

Consuming aloe vera can cause thyroid dysfunction, uterine contractions, liver toxicity, urinary stone, and kidney failure.

It is considered unsafe for children below 12 years of age.

Products derived from aloe vera and intended for internal use have not been proven effective against any disease and the effectiveness of aloe skin-care products is uncertain. I advise that you avoid aloe vera in all its forms for any use. It is a nice house plant.

Infant Formulas

Breast milk contains a superior mix of carbohydrates, amino acids, fats (including omega-3 fatty acids), hormones, growth factors and antibodies. This perfect food optimizes the development of the immune system, provides factors that decrease inflammation, components typically known as probiotics and prebiotics, which contribute to a healthy digestive tract, vitamins, minerals, and enzymes that work to give a baby the best possible start.

breast feeding

Commercial Formulas

Nestle developed their first infant formula in 1848 and marketed it as just as good as breast milk. Within 100 years, most mothers were supplementing with formula and stopped breastfeeding earlier, or formula fed exclusively. Infant formula is usually derived from cow’s milk and provides a wide range of nutrients, but not all the crucial components of human breast milk.

Commercial formula can attempt to simulate breast milk, but it is a very poor substitute for what nature in its wisdom and perfect balance provides. Only breast-feeding reduces the risk of infectious diseases, including bacterial meningitis and diarrhea, as well as respiratory, urinary-tract, and ear infections, if the mother has the beneficial bacteria to pass on to her infant, but if not, breast milk is still far superior to formula feeding. Breast feeding enhances brainpower and visual acuity. Babies who are breast-fed, rather than formula-fed, have less risk of asthma, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer through adulthood, but only if mom has beneficial bacteria to transfer to her baby. They're also less likely to be obese as they grow up, because the proper balance of healthy gut microbes has a positive influence on metabolism.

Nutramigenformula feeding 1

When the milk based formula I was started on caused me to projectile vomit and have diarrhea, I almost died of dehydration. The doctor said I may be reacting to the cow's milk and put me on this formula at two weeks of age. I am sure some of the ingredients were different in 1964, but when you look at today's formulations, they are all very similar. However, the prices vary considerably. This particular formula is extremely expensive. It was just as expensive when I was consuming it, costing $12 per week just to feed me, while my parents groceries bill was $10 per week. I think it is just as expensive with today's income vs cost ratios.

Enfamil Infant formula ingredientsAlimentum RTF - milk

Formula comes in three forms — powdered, concentrated liquid, and ready-to-feed liquid (RTF). Powder is the most economical and RTF is the most convenient. It is also available in three basic formulas — dairy based, soy based, and predigested protein.

There's a growing selection of organic formulas on the market as well as organics offered by larger companies, such as Earth's Best Organic Infant Formula, or Similac, which makes Advance Organic Formula in powder and liquid form.

Baby's One Organic Soy

The formula that you buy should be fortified with iron unless your pediatrician says otherwise. Although there are low-iron formulas available, but they may increase the risk of infant iron deficiency.

Probiotic and Prebiotic Infant Formula
Many formulas now come with probiotics, the friendly bacteria that normally reside in the gut, where they help break down food and medicine and keep disease-causing bugs in check. Several studies have suggested that infants on antibiotics or those suffering from diarrhea may get some relief when they're fed infant formula containing probiotics. To produce any benefit, a serving must contain at least 100 million live cultures. Talk with your pediatrician to see if you should try a formula with probiotics. If you supplement breast-feeding with infant formula, a probiotic formula isn't necessary since breast milk is a natural source of probiotics.

You may also see formula with a "prebiotic" added, says Steve Abrams, a member of the AAP nutrition committee and a neonatologist at the Baylor College School of Medicine. Prebiotics stimulate and support the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut. They are naturally found in many foods such as fruit and vegetables.

Similac Pro-Sensitive

Amino Acid Based Formula
Infant formula comes in a hypoallergenic, free amino-acid based powder for multiple food allergies and malabsorptive conditions. These symptoms are an indication of beneficial bacteria deficiency, Candida Yeast Overgrowth and Leaky Gut, which are not remedied by the food and can continue in intensity until disease ensues.

Alfamino - amino acid formulaPureAmino


Besides standard formula, which is cow's milk-based, there are special formulas, such as lactose-free and lactose-reduced for babies who have problems digesting lactose, a natural carbohydrate found in milk. Specialized formulas are available as options for babies with an allergy to cow's milk protein. I believe this is not a true allergy in most cases, but a lack of lactobacillus bacteria in the gut - to make lactase - to digest the lactose in milk, and/or a bio incompatibility with blood type and/or nationality. Protein hydrolysate formula may be prescribed for babies who are allergic to milk or soy. This type of formula can be easier for some babies to digest. Soy formula is an option for mom’s who prefer that their baby have a vegetarian diet, but of their baby has type O or B blood, it will cause problems especially for them.

Increasingly, there are a variety of formulas aimed to reduce spit-up and ease diarrhea, fussiness, gas and colic. All of these are symptoms of beneficial bacteria deficiency and the beginning of Candida yeast overgrowth. The formula will not correct this and it can progress into more serious immune health, chronic disease and mental problems later. The goal is not to "manage" any symptom but to correct the cause where it is, not suppress symptoms. You'll also see formula made for pre-term and low-birth-weight babies, older babies, and toddlers. In addition to the varieties of formula available, most brands on the market now contain several standard additives.

A few things to point out about ingredients

“Natural” substances or those found in nature cannot be PATENTED. God holds the patent on those. Making supplements from natural substances, derived from whole foods, is an expensive and time consuming process. To make abundantly available and inexpensively, our food and supplements are being produced in laboratories, so they can be patented. The human organism has not evolved with these unnatural combinations, which have come about in the last 100 years and are experimental at best. The body wants, needs and was designed to utilize the ionic form of elemental minerals and nutritional components from whole foods. Foods were meant to be consumed “whole” with their cofactors and synergy in tact. Plants can’t even utilize a mineral that is larger than ion size, so mineral supplements are poorly absorbed. These synthesized vitamin and mineral supplements are combined with other substances, like acids, in an attempt to make them more bioavailable, and they are credited with having the same properties and benefits as the real, naturally occurring, God made thing that humans have evolved with and consume from whole, natural, unadultered foods. The makers of these products are motivated by profits. To get the most profit from their products, they source the ingredients from the lowest cost suppliers, who are also motivated by profits to obtain the raw ingredients from the least expensive sources. Some manufacturers of commercial vitamin and mineral supplements add synthetics to vitamin products, typically to increase the vitamin's potency, but many synthetics are made from derivatives of coal tar - a known carcinogen.

If you can’t find the "food source" list on the products label, it’s synthetic. If the product's label does not contain a list of natural food sources, then the product is synthetic. Look for food sources such as yeast, fish, vegetable and fruit. If you can identify whole foods in the ingredient list instead of the particular nutrient, but good luck locating whole food supplements that don’t contain at least one food source that is against your blood type and incompatible with your baby’s biochemistry. Manufacturers can claim their nutritional products are "natural" on the label if at least 10 percent of the product comes from natural food sources. The Organic Consumers Organization recommends looking for products that contain the words "100 percent plant-based" or "100 percent animal-based" on the product's label. Also, the U.S. does not require foods and products to be labeled as being GMO or containing genetically modified ingredients, so there's no way of knowing what you're getting.

In my point of view, there is a huge difference between a chemical compound produced in a laboratory, which the body considers foreign, and something that is made naturally by the body, which the body recognizes. For example, the stomach makes hydrochloric acid. In a lab, hydrochloric acid is made from sodium chloride (a poison) and sulfuric acid (a highly corrosive strong mineral acid). HCI made from rock salt and ferrous sulfate (iron) is more readily recognized by the body. The same holds true for phosphates.

At the bottom of this article I have provided information about homemade infant formula.

Vitamins & Minerals

People think these are useful nutrients, but what they don’t understand is that they are man-made, synthetic concoctions that are unnatural. Taking anything that is good for you and mixing it with something else, can create something potentially harmful. Look for salt forms on the product label, a synthetic added to supplements for increasing the stability of the vitamin or mineral. Some of the salt forms to look for include acetate, bitartrate, chloride, gluconate, hydrochloride, nitrate and succinate. Look for words that end in "ide" or "ate" indicate that the product contains salt forms, which are synthetics. Additionally, the letters "dl" that appear before the name of an ingredient indicates the supplement is synthetic. A pharmacist can identify a natural or synthetic vitamin supplement, if you’re not sure.
Vitamin A: Acetate and Palmitate
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): Thiamine Mononitrate, Thiamine Hydrochloride
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): Riboflavin
Pantothenic Acid: Calcium D-Pantothenate
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): Pyridoxine Hydrochloride
Vitamin B12: Cobalamin
PABA (Para-aminobenzoic Acid): Aminobenzoic Acid
Folic Acid: Pteroylglutamic Acid
Choline: Choline Chloride, Choline Bitartrate
Biotin: d-Biotin
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid): Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin D: Irradiated Ergosteral, Calciferol
Vitamin E: dl-alpha tocopherol, dl-alpha tocopherol acetate or succinate
Calcium carbonate
Copper sulfate
Ferrous sulfate
Potassium Iodide
Sodium Citrate

Specific ingredients on the label of infant formulas

Ascorbic acid is actually a synthetic form of vitamin C made from GMO corn. It is frequently marketed as “natural vitamin C” and added to organic foods as a natural preservative. It is nearly impossible to know for sure if you are getting a truly natural vitamin C or synthetic version, but it is far more likely to be synthetic.

Ascorbic Acid is synthetic vitamin C; may be corn based - GMO; may cause vitamin and mineral deficiencies, nutrient malabsorption, can inhibit nitrosamine formation; see nutrient additives.

Ascorbyl Palmitate is manufactured through chemical synthesis by joining the above synthetic Ascorbic Acid with Palmitic Acid, which makes it fat soluble, unlike natural vitamin C. Side effects: A dull and persistent ache and also possibly cause the passage of blood via stools. Ingesting in large quantity may hurt your health, but if it is used as an antioxidant to reverse oxidation in liquids in everything an infant consumes, at what point is it considered a “large quantity?”

Biotin or Pantothenic acid are water-soluble B vitamins needed for turning food to energy, growth and making fatty acids.

Calcium carbonate is the cheapest supplement mined from rock and not a biologically appropriate for of calcium for human metabolism because it is in a form that is not small enough to be absorbed and used by the body. Calcium carbonate goes through your kidneys, via urine and increases the risk of urinary tract infections and kidney stones. Other side effects include gas, bloating and constipation and poor absorption of calcium from foods. Calcium carbonate deposits have been found in the walls of major arteries in atherosclerosis. May constipate.

Calcium Pantothenate is a synthetic form of vitamin B5. Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin found in most foods, but is naturally produced by bacteria in the intestines, if you have the beneficial bacteria that is.

Calcium Phosphate is used as a food additive to help thicken, stabilize and help blend oil and water-based ingredients, regulate acidity and retain moisture. It has no nutritional value. May reduce mineral absorption; may cause kidney damage.

Carrageenan is found in processed foods as a gelling, thickening and stabilizing agent. It is not digestible and has no nutritional value. Although derived from a natural source, it is particularly destructive to the digestive system, triggering an immune response similar to when the body is invaded by pathogens, causing inflammation, which can lead to ulcerations and bleeding. There is a connection between carrageenan and ulcerative colitis and colon cancer. Chronic inflammation is a root cause of many serious diseases, including heart disease, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. In the lab, scientists use carrageenan to cause inflammation in tissues to test new drugs for their anti-inflammatory properties. In lab mice who were exposed to low concentrations of carrageenan for 18 days developed profound glucose intolerance and impaired insulin action, which predispose to diabetes. May cause ulcerative colitis, suspected carcinogen.

Nutramegin Ingredients

Choline Chloride, Choline Bitartrate or Vitamin B4 is a synthetic. The natural form Choline is a vitamin-like nutrient similar to vitamin B that is made by the body in the liver. It plays a critical role in fetal development for structural integrity of cell membranes. It synthesizes lecithin, which is responsible for maintaining the cell membranes of the brain cells so that nerve impulses can be transmitted effectively to other parts of the brain. It synthesizes acetylcholine, which is needed as a neurotransmitter. It’s needed for muscle function and fat transport from the liver and enhance its absorption in various cells of the body. It’s required for methylation, stem cell proliferation and apoptosis, which is essential for brain and spinal cord structure and function, decreasing neural tube defects and increasing memory function. Optimal Choline levels are needed early in life to maintain mental ability in later years. Food sources include fish, peas, spinach, nuts, meats & eggs. Low levels have been linked to age related memory loss.

Coconut oil - May cause hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) due to high saturated fat content; it is refined, bleached and deotorized and exposed to high temperatures, fractionated; raises blood cholesterol levels. See article

Copper sulfate is produced by reacting copper compounds with sulfuric acid. It is a bactericide and fungicide that kills flora or plants, aka the beneficial bacteria in your intestines. May cause skin and mucous membrane irritantion; can cause vomiting.

Corn syrup solids and corn oil is most likely made from the stalks (not kernels) of GMO corn, and is a marker for poor quality, poor nutrient content food-like substances that are filled with other disease promoting compounds like fat, salt, chemicals and mercury. It is an industrial food product that is far from “natural”, is a major cause of heart disease, obesity, diabetes, cancer, dementia, liver failure, tooth decay and chronic disease. The fructose in corn syrup goes right to the liver and triggers lipogenesis (the production of fats like triglycerides and cholesterol) causing liver damage and “fatty liver,” very much like the effects of alcohol (also made from corn). Corn syrup requires more energy to be absorbed by the gut and consumes phosphorous molecules from ATP, which depletes the energy fuel source in the gut required to maintain intestinal wall integrity and contribute to leaky gut, triggering immune reactions and systemic inflammation. Free fructose can literally punch holes in the intestinal lining, allowing nasty things into the blood stream, which is the beginning of all diseases. The natural fructose in fruit is a complex of nutrients and fiber that doesn’t exhibit the same biological effects as free high fructose in corn sugar does. HFCS contains toxic levels of mercury due to color-alkali products used in its manufacturing and other contaminants. When corn syrup is analyzed, strange chemical peaks show up that are not natural. The exact nature, effects and toxicity of these strange compounds have not been fully explained. The presence of untested chemical compounds in our food supply is cause for alarm, especially when the contaminated food product comprises 20+% of the diet. Cane sugar and corn sugar are not at all the same, but the corn industry promotes them as being the same. Corn is very bad for people with type O blood. Mercury is needed to make corn syrup and one soda contains mercury equal to a dental filling. Think about this! Gerber is owned by Nestle, a candy company. Associated with blood sugar problems, depression, fatigue, vitamin B deficiency, hyperactivity, tooth decay, periodontal disease, indigestion - GMO.

A client age 8 months had repeated symptoms of projectile vomit, bloating, abdominal distention, mucous, tar like stool, intense pain, blood in stool, acid reflux so bad she was put on Nexium, diaper rash like an acid burn, constipation so bad she had to be hospitalized. The client with type O blood was reacting to the various forms of corn in all 5 of the infant formulas she was consuming, because corn is not biocompatible with and toxic to people with type O blood. She was also reacting to the potato starch, coconut oil and palm oil in all those formulas. Her body didn't care much for the soy, sunflower oil and canola oil, but did well with safflower oil. It was impossible to find a commercial formula that she could thrive on, so she was changed to a homemade goat milk based formula. See the bottom of the page for more information.

DATEM is derived from tartaric acid and monoglycerides and diglycerides. It is an emulsifier. Tartaric acid occurs naturally in many plants. Its salt, potassium bitartrate, is commonly known as cream of tartar. It is commonly mixed with sodium bicarbonate and is sold as baking powder. Tartaric acid may cause gastrointestinal distress.

Ferrous sulfate, Iron sulfate or ferrous sulfate denotes a range of salts with the formula, indicating it is a synthetic iron supplement. It is not natural or bioavailable.

Folic Acid - Synthetic folic acid is the simple, man-made form of the B vitamin folate. Folic acid is found in most multivitamins and has been added in U.S. foods labeled as "enriched" such as bread, pasta, rice, and breakfast cereals. The words, "folic acid" and "synthetic folic acid" mean the same thing. Be careful because the generic term for both naturally occurring food folate and folic acid are interchangable. Folate is necessary to make RNA and DNA, which contain the codes your body needs to build cells. It also prevents changes to RNA an DNA that can lead to cancer. You need folate to produce normal red blood cells. Folate is found in green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and legumes.

Fructooligosaccharides FOS prebiotic - non-digestible to humans, but feed beneficial bacteria in the colon.

Fucosyllactose is a oligosaccharide that protects against infectious diseases, namely in preventing epithelial level adhesions of toxins and pathogens, and stimulates the growth of certain Bifidobacteria, leading to toxic and pathogenic protection, which is most prevalent in infants.

Galactooligosaccharides (prebiotic sourced from milk) prebiotic - non-digestible to humans, but feed beneficial bacteria in the colon. The benefits include inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria, stimulating immune functions, absorbing essential nutrients and syntheses of vitamins. It is produced through enzymatic conversion of lactose, a component of milk.

High oleic sunflower oil is a more shelf stable oil than olive oil, because it is lower in polyunsaturated fats, which become rancid quicker. It replaces hydrogenated oils (trans fats), so it is a healthier oil, however, you only find these oils in processed, nutritionally devoid food-like substances. It is best not to rely on these types of products and focus on eating whole foods.

Inositol - vitamin B8 is produced by the body from glucose, and therefore not an essential nutrient.

L-Carnitine is an amino acid that is synthesized by the body in the liver and kidneys, and also consumed in foods. It is involved in energy metabolism and mitochondrial protection.

Lactose is the galactose and glucose sugars found in the milk of all mammals. The lactobacilli bacteria living among the intestinal villi secrete the enzyme lactase to digest the lactose in milk. Lactose intolerance is a symptom of depleted or deficient lactobacilli bacteria in the intestines. Supplementing with a lactase enzyme product with meals will help alleviate this until beneficial bacteria populations are restored and start doing their job. For this to occur, however, a leaky gut must be healed.

Lutein is found in green leafy vegetables; spinach, kale and yellow carrots, also egg yolks and animal fats. It is credited for promoting eye health.

Lycopene is found in red fruits and vegetables, but also asparagus and parsley. It is absorbed via a passive transport mechanism through the intestinal mucosa and metabolized in the liver. It is distributed to fatty tissues and organs such was the adrenal glands, prostate, testes and liver, but it can be found in most tissues. It has no vitamin A activity.

Magnesium Chloride is regenerated from magnesium hydroxide using hydrochloric acid. Chloride is a component in hydrochloric acid, but the extra chloride in magnesium chloride can increase in the production of hydrochloric acid and contribute to acid reflux or GERD.

Magnesium Phosphate - Dietary sources of magnesium include whole grains, legumes, broccoli, squash, dairy products and almonds. Side effects - magnesium has a laxative effect that can produce diarrhea.

Maltodextrin is an artificial sugar (also known as a polysaccharide) that has a mild, sweet taste. Maltodextrin is usually created from corn and wheat, but can also made from rice, potatoes and tapioca. In the United States, manufacturers primarily use GMO corn. Maltodextrin is produced by using enzymes or acids to break down starches like corn, potatoes and rice into smaller pieces. The end result is a white powder that is easily digested and delivers nearly 4 calories per gram. When it’s added to foods, maltodextrin thickens the product, prevents crystallization and helps bind ingredients together; may cause gastrointestinal distress; best avoided. Maltodextrin has a high glycemic index rating, which means it can spike your blood sugar. Maltodextrin promotes the growth of unhealthy bacteria, which damage the intestine and increase the risk of inflammatory disease. The side effects of consuming maltodextrin are similar to the health risks as most food additives. It can cause allergic reactions, unexplained weight gain, bloating, flatulence, rash, asthma, itching and difficulty breathing. Corn is very bad for people with type O blood. Specific allergic reactions associated with the use of maltodextrin include rash, asthma, itching and difficulty breathing.

Gerber Infant formulaAlimentum RTF

Neocate Splash w: maltodextrin

Milk protein isolate is the casein and whey proteins that remain after lactose is filtered out of milk. Milk protein increases amino acids to products that help produce lean muscle, increase feelings of fullness and enhance product texture.

Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) is a flavor enhancer that is neurotoxin and an exitotoxin; it is toxic, may cause headaches, itching, nausea, brain damage, nervous system disorders, reproductive disorders, learning disabilities, high blood pressure, allergic reactions are common. AVOID!

One of my clients was a 3 month old infant who experienced the following symptoms after consuming a formula with MSG. Mom said, "She went insane! She was screaming, agitated, her blood pressure went up, she was shaking uncontrolably and she was in a rage." The formula was immediately discontinued. Since then, she's tried many other formulas (without MSG) and has not experienced a repeat of these symptoms.


Niacinamide - Synthetic form of vitamin B3. Food sources of niacin are yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, beans and whole grains.

Nonfat milk - Cutting out fat in the diet causes the body to desire carbohydrates to compensate. This causes food cravings, feeds bad bacteria and contributes to blood sugar dysregulation. Eliminating fat disables the absorption of fat soluble vitamins, and that causes malabsorption of other nutrients. Foods were meant to be consumed “whole” with their cofactors and synergy in tact. Consuming milk without the fat makes the fat soluble nutrients in the milk unavailable to the body. The brain is made up of 65% fat. Fat is essential to a healthy diet to create a healthy body and brain.

Palm olein oil - Olein is a refined by a process of fractionation, bleached and deodorized palm kernel oil from Indonesia and Malaysia. Infant formula manufacturers combine palm oil, coconut oil and soy oil to obtain a fat blend with proportions of palmitic and oleic acids similar to those of human milk. Fat is less well absorbed from a mixture of 53% palm olein and 47% soy oil than from a mixture of 60% soy oil and 40% coconut oil, and the absorption of calcium is less from a formula containing palm olein, presumably because of the formation of insoluble calcium soaps of unabsorbed palmitic acid. Oleic acid is an antifoaming agent, binder and flavor carrier. It may cause skin irritation, and has low oral toxicity.

According to the World Health Organization, evidence is "convincing" that consumption of palmitic acid increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease based on studies indicating that it may increase LDL levels in the blood. Retinyl palmitate is an antioxidant and a source of vitamin A added to low fat milk to replace the vitamin content lost through the removal of milk fat. Palmitate is attached to the alcohol form of vitamin A, retinol, to make vitamin A stable in milk.

Rats fed a diet of 20% palmitic acid and 80% carbohydrate for extended periods showed alterations in central nervous system control of insulin secretion, and suppression of the body's natural appetite-suppressing signals from leptin and insulin (the key hormones involved in weight regulation). Among all fatty acids, palmitic acid has the strongest effect on boosting the metastatic potential in human oral cancer cells.

Polydextrose (Xylitol) is synthetic polymer (sugar alcohol) made in laboratories from glucose, citric acid and sorbitol from corn cobs (GMO). This presents the same problem as high fructose corn syrup. “Natural” doesn’t always mean “non-toxic.” It can raise blood sugar levels in some people. This is “hydrogenated” which uses a nickel-aluminum alloy as a catalyst, and poses the risk of heavy metal residue and contamination. Hydrogenation has been known to cause metabolic, organ and mental disorders, as well as cancer. Nickel is linked to respiratory, digestive, skin and kidney problems. Not broken down in the stomach like sugar, it passes in tact into the intestines where it ferments, providing the perfect environment for undesirable bacteria to feed, grow and thrive. Side effects include flatulence, bloating, stomach cramps and diarrhea. It is not universally well tolerated. Promoted as a useful part of the Candida Diet, sugar alcohols DO feed yeast. This ingredient can also contribute to acid reflux, which can cause cancer of the esophagus and larynx. May be corn based - GMO; may cause gastrointestinal distress. May cause gastrointestinal distress, gas, bloating; an alcohol sugar that feeds yeast in the gut; may be carcinogenic.

Potassium chloride is a salt substitute (mixture of sodium chloride and potassium chloride - sylvite), simulates sodium chloride or salt to add flavor to food. Taken from the ocean, it can be processed from the mineral sylvite, but it can also be man-made when potassium nitrate is reacted with hydrochloric acid, making nitric acid and potassium chloride. It is made when potassium burns in chlorine. Potassium chloride is toxic in large amounts. In my opinion, it is not safe. Can cause nausea, gastrointestinal distress, avoid if you have kidney or heart problems.

Potassium citrate is a food additive used to regulate acidity. It is man-made by adding potassium bicarbonate or potassium carbonate to a solution of citric acid until effervescence ceases, filtering the solution and evaporating to granulation. It has a somewhat caustic effect on the stomach lining, and the potential for other mild health hazards. May cause skin irritation, avoid if you have kidney or heart problems.

Potassium Iodide is made by mixing potassium hydroxide with iodine. If taken during pregnancy, it may harm the baby, so how safe can it be for a newborn or infant? Common side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, rash, and swelling of the salivary glands. Other side effects include allergic reactions, headache, goiter, and depression. It is used to add iodine to table salt, which is pure sodium chloride - a poison. Can cause kidney, heart or thyroid problems.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (synthetic Vitamin B6) Naturally occurring B6 can be found in it’s natural form in certain foods such as whole grains, seeds, bananas, avocados, spinach, sardines, cheese, milk, poultry, tuna, shrimp, salmon, beans, liver, meat, and eggs. It helps the body convert food into fuel, metabolize fats and proteins, maintain proper functioning of nerves, and produce red blood cells. It can also be made in a laboratory. Severe allergic reactions to synthetic B6 may include rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; decreased sensation of touch, temperature, or vibration; loss of coordination; numbness of the feet or around the mouth; numbness or tingling of the skin. Nervous system side effects have included peripheral sensory neuropathy with axonal degeneration. Loss of appetite, sensitivity to sunlight, upset stomach, headache and sleepiness were reported. So, what this tells me is that what the naturally occurring B6 can do for the human body, the man made, synthetic version produces the exact opposite result. In my point of view, there is a huge difference between a chemical compound produced in a laboratory which the body considers foreign and that made naturally by the body, which the body recognizes, For example, the stomach makes hydrochloric acid. In a lab, hydrochloric acid is made from sodium chloride (a poison) and sulfuric acid (a highly corrosive strong mineral acid). HCI made from rock salt and ferrous sulfate (iron) is more readily recognized by the body, which makes hydrochloric from several minerals, including zinc, potassium and natural salt. The form and amount found in whole foods that are minimally prepared and eaten in their most nutritious form cannot cause “side effects” or interact with other substances. The same holds true for phosphates. Pyridoxine Hydrochloride interacts with several medications, including antibiotics.

Sodium Citrate (aka sodium acetate) is a food additive prepared by partial neutralization of an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate or carbonate with citric acid. It is used as an acidity regulator, emulsifier for oils, sequestrant, to add flavor or as a preservative. May cause blood pressure problems, kidney disturbances, water retention.

Sodium Selenate (same as sodium citrate) is an anti-caking agent. Is an inorganic compound, not to be confused with sodium selenite. It is man-made by oxidation of selenium, first with nitric acid, producing selenous acid, which is then neutralized to form sodium selenite, which is then oxidized in a basic medium of hydrogen peroxide to form a selenate, which is then spray-dried. It is used to make red glass, as an ingredient in insecticides, to bio-fortify crops, in livestock feed and a dietary supplement for humans as a form of “selenium,” but obviously not a naturally occurring form of selenium that the body was designed for and knows what to do with. It is currently classified as toxic, if ingested or inhaled. Chronic exposure to sodium selenate can cause severe lung, kidney and liver damage.

Soy oil, Soy lecithin, Soy protein - May inhibit nutrient absorption, cause hormonal imbalance, infertility, thyroid disorders; may be contaminated with nitrites. GMO Soy is bioincompatible with every blood type and not a suitable source of protein for any creature on the planet. For more information visit

Sugar - Consumption of large quantities of sugar and high fructose corn syrup have been linked to behavioral disorders such as ADD as well as other issues such as anxiety, daytime drowsiness and nighttime insomnia. Feeding your baby sugar and corn syrup also increases your child's risk for a wide spectrum of other health problems ranging from dental cavities to high triglyceride levels to nutritional deficiencies. Even the mainstream medical establishment warns of the dangers of added sugars. Most store-bought formulas they feed their infants and toddlers may pose the same health risks as a can of soda.

Taurine - Synthetic taurine is obtained by the ammonolysis of isethionic acid (2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid), which in turn is obtained from the reaction of ethylene oxide with aqueous sodium bisulfite. A direct approach involves the reaction of aziridine with sulfurous acid. Natural food sources of Taurine is found in fish and meat. Taurine is made by the body in the pancreas via the cysteine sulfinic acid pathway. Taurine is essential for cardiovascular function, the development and function of skeletal muscles, the retina, and the central nervous system. It also acts as an antioxidant and protects against toxicity of various substances, such as lead and cadmium.

Vitamin A Palmitate, also called retinyl palmitate, retinol palmitate or Beta Carotene, which is the most absorbable, naturally-occurring retinol from an organic fat-soluble red, yellow or orange pigment in fruits and vegetables that are a precursor for and converts to vitamin A in the body. Vitamin A from plant sources is a carotenoid that your body can transform into a retinol. Plant sources of vitamin A are carotenoids, found in alpha- and beta-carotene-rich fruits and vegetables. Carotenoids are good sources of vitamin A, but not of vitamin A palmitate. Vitamin A palmitate is the form of vitamin A found naturally in animal sources and is also produced synthetically. Vitamin A from animal sources is already in a form of retinol that is easily absorbed by the body. Vitamin A palmitate is fat-soluble and can accumulate to toxic levels in your body. Too much vitamin A palmitate can be acutely toxic and cause various symptoms such as headache, nausea or vomiting. Adverse health effects such as liver abnormalities and reduced bone mineral density may result from taking too much vitamin A, so be careful not to add something like Cod Liver Oil to a multivitamin containing vitamin A. Dietary sources of vitamin A palmitate are found in liver, fish, whole milk, eggs yolks, cheese and butter. Vitamin A palmitate is lost when the fat is removed from these sources, so make sure you get whole, full fat dairy products.

Vitamin B1Thiamine Chloride Hydrochloride (salt thiamin mononitrate) is a hydrochloride salt form of thiamine found in processed foods. B vitamins help the body convert fat to energy and are water soluble, so excess is expelled in the urine. However, Thiamine mononitrate or synthetic vitamin B1 is fat-soluble, meaning the body has more difficulty expelling any excess and it accumulates in the liver. This can cause mild to severe allergic reactions, including trouble breathing, skin rash or itch, cellular toxicity leading to liver damage and disease. Low levels of thiamine mononitrate are unlikely to cause any severe kidney problems, but could lead to kidney failure if you have reduced kidney function or kidney disease. Nitrates present in thiamine mononitrate may accumulate in the kidneys and induce kidney stones or cellular death. Anyone with impaired kidney function may have difficulty filtering nitrates out of their system and should avoid thiamine mononitrate. Diets fortified with thiamine mononitrate do not compensate for lower thiamine levels, therefore, you may want to seek a more natural source of thiamine.

Vitamin B2 - Riboflavin - Food and beverages that provide riboflavin without fortification are milk, cheese, eggs, leaf vegetables, liver, kidneys, legumes, mushrooms, grains and almonds. The milling of cereal grains results in considerable loss of riboflavin (up to 60%), so any product made with flour is enriched, but with a synthetic version. The best way to avoid this is to use organic, whole grains and prepare them in such a way as to preserve all the nutrition you pay for. Various biotechnological processes have been developed for riboflavin biosynthesis using different microorganisms, including filamentous fungi such as Ashbya gossypii, Candida famata and Candida flaveri, as well as the bacteria Corynebacterium ammoniagenes and Bacillus subtilis. Bacillus subtilis has been genetically modified to both increase the bacteria's production of riboflavin and to introduce an antibiotic (ampicillin) resistance marker, and is now used in animal feed and for food fortification purposes.

Vitamin B6 Hydrochloride - is a hydrochloride salt form of Pyridoxine, a water-soluble vitamin B. Vitamin B6 is found in high quantities in bananas, sardines, chicken, spinach and avocados. Common side effects include headaches, nausea, drowsiness, peripheral neuropathy affecting feet and hands, with progressive loss of coordination and severe reduction in senses of vibration and position. Not everyone fully recovers from peripheral neuropathy symptoms after discontinuing supplementation. For nursing mothers: Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride) is contained in most prenatal and multivitamin preparations. Pyridoxine blocks lactation and inhibits the secretion of breast milk in nursing mothers by suppressing the normally elevated prolactin hormone levels encountered during puerperium. Nursing mothers should take only multivitamins with essential minerals that do not include pyrodoxine.

Vitamin B12 - The most commonly available form of vitamin B12 is a cheap, synthetic form that’s actually bound to a cyanide (poison) molecule, and it’s called CYANOCOBALAMIN; a man-made form of vitamin B12 that is produced in a laboratory. Poisonous cyanide must be detoxified by the liver. This requires “methyl groups” of molecules in the body that are needed to fight things like homocysteine. By taking low-quality cyanocobalamin, you are stealing mehtyl groups from your body and making it work harder at the biochemical level. This uses up substances such as glutathione that are often in short supply anyway, potentially worsening your overall health situation rather than helping it. This is worse than having no supplementation at all. There are those who have problems in the Methylation pathway, which are thought to be caused by "defects" in their genetics. See article Manufacturers use cyanocobalamin because it can be purchased in bulk and added to products with claims that they contain vitamin B12.

The natural form is a much higher quality - Methylcobalamin or Methyl B12. This is the form that exists in nature, and it is pre-methylated, meaning it's ready for your biochemistry to put to immediate use. It's the only form of vitamin B12 which can directly participate in homocysteine metabolism. In addition, converting homocysteine to methionine via methyl B12 generates an increased supply of SAMe (S-adenosyl methionine), the body's most important methyl donor. So, to be clear, the difference between the two is that methylcobalamin has a methyl group (carbon and hydrogen), while cyanocobalamin has a cyanide group. Cyanide is a poison.

Vitamin D3 - Vitamin D3 is derived from two places, either fish oil or sheep’s lanolin. Lanolin is the cheapest form of vitamin D3 made from a waxy substance that is secreted by glands found in a sheep’s skin. Lanolin helps protect skin against rain or other environmental factors. To remove the lanolin from wool, the wool is rolled or squeezed, pushing out a yellowish waxy substance. In order to make vitamin D3, the lanolin must be purified to produce a substance called 7-dehydrocholesterol, which is the same precursor of vitamin D found in our skin. Then this substance is converted to D3 by exposing it to ultraviolet rays, similar to what happens when our skin is exposed to the sun. The final product is extremely concentrated D3 that must be blended with other materials in order to achieve the proper dosage for human consumption. The lanolin-based vitamin D is dried into a power form before being added as a supplement to foods. Vitamin D3 from fish oil is more expensive. It comes from the skin of fatty fish such as salmon and tuna, or from cod liver oil, which is extremely high in vitamin D, containing 1360 IU per 1 tablespoon serving, but there is the possibility of mercury contamination. The best companies make sure heavy metals are not in their final product. The most natural and healthiest way to get vitamin D is to spend 10-30 minutes in the sun every day with no sunscreen protection, as your skin makes vitamin D from cholesterol when it is exposed to UV rays.

Vitamin E Acetate / d-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate / Mixed Tocopherols - If you have read about vitamin E, you recognize the word “tocopherol” and think that it is good for you. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant. On a supplement label, natural vitamin E is listed as alpha tocopherol, however, the synthetic or chemical form of vitamin E is labeled with the dl- prefix, or d-alpha Tocopherol acetate, or d-alpha Tocopherol succinate. Taking anything that is good for you and mixing it with something else, can create something potentially harmful. In this case, the acetate is man-made in a laboratory when the tocopheryl part is vitamin E mixed with acetic acid. Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar. Acid is corrosive and attacks the skin. They do this to make vitamin E more shelf stable, easier to process, ship, store and sell, and because it’s cheaper. The end product can actually irritate your baby’s digestive tract when taken internally and skin when it is in a lotion or soap. It can cause irritation, rashes and allergic reactions. On the skin, it encourages the carcinogenic effects of UV rays. High doses cause tumor formation. The concern is the potential for buildup over time. Another concern is that during the manufacturing process, tocopherol acetate may be contaminated with hydroquinone, which can also cause dermatitis, increase sensitivity to UV rays, and may have potentially carcinogenic properties. As an antioxidant, vitamin E has been widely advocated for preventing heart disease and cancer. However, the results of large, well-designed trials have generally not been encouraging. Many other proposed benefits of synthetic vitamin E have also failed to stand up in studies. There are no medicinal uses for synthetic vitamin E with solid scientific support.

d-alpha-tocopherol is a highly fractionated form made by synthetic methylation of gamma and beta tocopherol extracted from plant oils. The resulting ingredient can actually irritate your skin. All rac-α-tocopheryl acetate—a synthetic petrochemically-derived form of dl-alpha tocopherol, which has known toxic effects. Alpha tocopherol depletes gamma tocopherol. The alpha tocopherol form of vitamin E displaces critically important gamma tocopherol in the body. By displacing gamma tocopherol, alpha tocopherol increases cancer risks. The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health released the results of a huge study. The findings showed that people with the highest gamma tocopherol blood levels had a fivefold reduction in cancer risk. This same study showed that selenium and alpha tocopherol also reduced cancer risk, but only when gamma tocopherol levels were high and other studies confirmed that higher levels of gamma tocopherol are strongly associated with reduced cancer risks. While both alpha and gamma tocopherol are potent antioxidants, gamma tocopherol has a unique chemical structure that scavenges reactive nitrogen species which can damage proteins, lipids, and DNA. Supplementation with isolated, synthetic alpha tocopherol depletes plasma gamma tocopherol levels, which is biologically catastrophic. The fact that higher prostate cancer rates were observed in the group overloaded with synthetic alpha tocopherol is predictable and I believe synthetic vitamin E was designed to cause cancer in order to protect the financial interests of the cancer industry, which thrives by providing very expensive toxic drugs, radiation, and surgery. Another risk factor of vitamin E supplements and foods fortified with vitamin E relates to the fact that it may be derived from genetically modified (GM) plants. There are health effects of natural vitamin E, but labels can be tricky and deceiving, so it’s difficult to know what you are getting. The chemical name for vitamin E is "tocopherol." Tocopherol is the generic term for at least seven different types of vitamin E. Vitamin E is naturally formed in a variety of plants, but tocopherol can be produced either by chemical synthesis, or by extraction from corn, soy beans, cotton seed, rice or wheat germ oil. A large majority of these plants grown in the U.S. are genetically modified. The U.S. does not require genetically modified foods and products to be labeled, so there's no way of knowing what you're getting. This is complicated by the fact that many companies that control the supply of vitamin E collect plant oils from commingled sources. I think I’ve said enough on this subject. There are other forms of vitamin E as well, such as beta-, delta-, and gamma-tocopherols, all of which occur in food; 4 forms of Tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) & 4 forms of Tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma & delta). Tocopherols and tocotrienols are a class of organic chemical compounds which are fat-soluble antioxidants but they also have many other functions in the body. Gamma tocopherol is the type of vitamin E most abundant in food, and supplementation of just alpha tocopherol ends up depleting gamma tocopherol in the body; therefore it is not advisable to take just the alpha tocopherol form of E. Gamma tocopherol is the cancer fighting form of vitamin E and is absent in most vitamin E supplements.

Look for products with natural gamma tocopherol form of vitamin E, but good luck at finding them. I haven’t been able to. Remember, if it says d-gamma, it’s not what you are looking for. Food sources of vitamin E include dark leafy greens like spinach, Swiss chard, turnip greens, collards and kale, asparagus, oats, carrots, goat’s milk, hazelnuts, almonds, pecans and walnuts, sunflower seeds, flax seed and sesame seeds, avocados, shrimp, oysters and crayfish, fish like Rainbow Trout, salmon, swordfish and herring, olive oil, broccoli, butternut squash, sweet potato and pumpkin and fruits like Kiwi, blackberries, mango, peaches, nectarines, apricots, raspberries, guava and mulberries.

Vitamin K1 - Phytonadione is a synthetic form of vitamin K. Phylloquinone is naturally abundant in green leafy vegetables; dandelion greens, cabbage, asparagus, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, turnip greens, mustard greens, collards, Swiss chard, kale and absorption is greater when accompanied by fats, like avocado, butter or olive oil. Colonic bacteria synthesize a significant portion of humans' vitamin K needs, but newborns are given a vitamin K (Phytonadione) shot at birth to tide them over until their colons become colonized at five to seven days of age from the consumption of breast milk. Mephyton (Phytonadione) is a pharmaceutical drug.

Whey protein concentrate (from milk, enzymatically hydrolyzed, reduced in minerals). Whey protein concentrate is the cheapest and most common form of whey protein, a byproduct of cheese production. Concentrates typically have a low (but still significant) level of fat and cholesterol but, in general, have higher levels of bioactive compounds as well as carbohydrates in the form of lactose. Side effects include upset stomach, other digestive discomfort, headaches, fatigue, reduced appetite, lactose intolerance symptoms or milk allergy symptoms, because they are derived from milk protein. Trace amounts of harmful heavy metals, including lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury have been found in whey protein isolates, which can increase the risk of chronic, low-level heavy metal poisoning - muscle and joint pain, fatigue, headaches and constipation are the symptoms. Avoid if lactose intolerant or have milk allergies.

Xanthan Gum - sweetener, thickener; may cause gastrointestinal distress.

Zinc sulfate - Zinc is a naturally occurring mineral, however this man-made, synthetic formula is manufactured by treating zinc oxide with sulfuric acid. Side effects include acute stomach distress, abdominal pain, headache, fatigue. nausea and vomiting. Zinc sulfate is used to control moss growth on roofs, so what do you think it will do to the very delicate beneficial flora in your intestines?

Nucleotides - are the building blocks of nucleic acids; DNA & RNA
Cytidine 5’-Monophosphate (disodium salt) - Cytidine monophosphate is a component of RNA

Uridine 5’-monophosphate is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside uridine is made in a laboratory. Uridine monophosphate is formed from Orotidine 5'-monophosphate (orotidylic acid) in a decarboxylation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme orotidylate decarboxylase. URIDINE 5'-MONOPHOSPHATE DISODIUM SALT, also known as sodium uridine monophosphate, is a nucleotide and a ribonucleoside monophosphate that is used as a monomer in RNA and as a convenient delivery compound for uridine in brain research studies. Ungraded products are suitable for general industrial use or research purposes and typically are not suitable for human consumption or therapeutic use. These materials may or may not have a Certificate of Analysis available.

Adenosine 5’-monophosphate (disodium salt). Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is an intermediary substance formed during the body’s process of creating energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from food and is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid and the nucleoside adenosine, grown in yeast.

Guanosine 5’-monophosphate (disodium salt) also known as Guanosine monophosphate (GMP), which is commercially produced by microbial fermentation. This food additive is used as a flavor enhancer to provide the umami taste. It is often used in synergy with disodium inosinate; the combination is known as disodium 5'-ribonucleotides. Since it is a fairly expensive additive, it’s usually not used independently of glutamic acid or monosodium glutamate (MSG), which also contribute umami, but you will not likely see MSG on the label. MSG is a neurotoxin.


Crypthecodinium Cohnii oil (Docosahexaenoic acid - DHA)
Mortierella Alpina oil (Arachidonic acid - ARA)

Most brands of formula sold in the U.S. are now fortified with DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and ARA (arachidonic acid). These are synthesized versions of the essential fatty acids that naturally occur in breast milk. DHA and ARA are added because they are thought to promote healthy eye and brain development. The chemical structures of these acids are not the same as DHA/ARA found in breast milk. Formulas with DHA and ARA aren't a perfect match for breast milk because breast milk contains hundreds of components that can't be replicated. Most DHA/ARA-fortified formulas sold in the U.S. are made with oils extracted from micro algae and soil fungus respectively.

Although the FDA allows the addition of these DHA and ARA oils to infant formulas, some scientific studies suggest that including these fatty acids may have positive effects on visual function and neural development for formula-fed babies, while researchers who conducted a 2008 meta-analysis found no evidence that these additives are beneficial and question whether any long-term beneficial effects exist. This is according to Charlotte Vallaeys, who is the director of farm and food policy at the Cornucopia Institute, a Wisconsin-based nonprofit.

The processing of manufactured DHA and ARA uses hexane, a synthetic material that is not approved for use in organic production, sulfur dioxide, acid and bleach. Hexane, is a volatile liquid found in glue and gasoline. Hexane is a petroleum-refining byproduct that is a neurotoxin when inhaled in high volumes, can cause nausea, euphoria, headaches and nerve damage. This of course is a concern primarily for workers at Martek who make DHA/ARA. The manufacturer says that no hexane residue has been found in its formula, but Vallaeys knows of no independent studies or testing that have been done on hexane residues in any formula that is fortified with DHA. Mothers should be able to have full confidence that they are feeding their baby formula that was produced without toxins and unapproved (synthetic) materials. The Cornucopia Institute petitioned the Department of Agriculture, which administers the organics food program, to have the oils removed from organic infant formula, because there is controversy about the manufacturing of these fats being compatible with the production of organic infant formula. The USDA National Organics Standards Board, which met in late 2011 to review the issue, announced that DHA/ARA extracted with hexane would no longer be allowed in organic infant formula. These additives are prohibited in organic formula in the European Union, and claims that they improve cognitive and visual development are prohibited on labels on conventional formula.

There is controversy about whether DHA or ARA may also lead to adverse reactions. The manufacturer says it has not seen a statistical difference in people reporting problems with infant formula since it began adding DHA/ARA to infant formula in 2002, yet the Cornucopia Institute says hundreds of reports were submitted to the FDA by health-care providers and parents of infants who became sick from formula with DHA and ARA; including spitting up, gas, fussiness, constipation, vomiting, and diarrhea after repeated use. When the manufacturer argued the point, the FDA disputed that there was any clear link to gastrointestinal "adverse effects" in infants and the DHA/ARA additives. It's tough to find any infant formula without all these synthetic vitamins and minerals, highly processed ingredients, cheap substitutes for the real thing and added DHA/ARA.

Neocate Infant

For parents who want to make sure their formula-fed babies get DHA, there is a company that makes a DHA supplement that can be added to its formula. Their DHA and ARA are made with "organic high oleic sunflower and/or organic high oleic safflower oil, organic soybean oil, organic coconut oil and egg lecithin. The company also recently released Baby's Only Organic Dairy Formula with DHA and ARA from egg yolk that is hexane free. Some parents may be concerned about using Baby's Only DHA/ARA because it is made with eggs, which some children are allergic to. Baby's Only says this is not a problem since they use egg lecithin, which was found to be allergen-free in laboratory tests.

The MedWatch program allows health-care providers to report problems possibly caused by FDA-regulated products such as infant formula. If you think your baby has suffered a harmful effect from an infant formula, you can report it to the FDA by contacting the agency at Your pediatrician can also do it for you via the FDA's MedWatch hotline, at 800-332-1088 or online at

Are you drinking your container?

Is your child drinking the container?

BPA is an industrial chemical used as a structural component to make polycarbonate (clear) plastic, in the protective lining if metal food cans and in many consumer products, including infant formulas. Studies have linked BPA to breast and prostate cancer, reproductive abnormalities, and—for infants exposed in the womb—problems later on, including ADHD, obesity, and diabetes. Consumer Reports tests have found, BPA has been found at varying levels in many canned food products, such as soups, vegetables, and beans, as well as some infant formula. A recent study found that people in the U.S. have double the amount of BPA in their bodies compared with other countries.

A leading BPA researcher and professor of biology at the University of Missouri-Columbia, Frederick Vom Saal, Ph.D., said, “Liquid formula contains high enough levels of BPA to cause harm.” Consumers Union has repeatedly called on the FDA to ban BPA in children's products, and food and beverage containers. While the FDA announced in January 2010 that it thought there was cause for concern about BPA's potential effect on children and said it supports efforts to produce BPA-free baby bottles and find alternatives to BPA for can linings, it fell short of calling for a ban of the chemical in food contact substances. The FDA’s perspective is that BPA is safe at the current levels occurring in foods and continues to support the safety of BPA for currently approved uses in food containers and packaging. There is no U.S. regulation about having to report levels of BPA or even what products contain BPA. The levels of BPA from batch to batch of the same formula can differ considerably. Another question I have is how sensitive are the tests used by the industry to measure levels of BPA? A Consumer Reports study found BPA levels in the containers of powdered formula mixes were much lower than in RTF formula containers and also found more BPA in liquid formula than in powdered formula. So, powdered formula mix might be “safer” than liquid because powdered formula tends to absorb much less bisphenol A (BPA) from its container.

Some manufacturers have tried to address concerns over BPA by packaging formulas in "BPA free" containers, but at best it has become more of a marketing gimmick. Similac, Earth’s Best and Nature’s One Baby’s Only have created packaging that is BPA-free! I wonder what other chemical they used to replace BPA? BPA is also found in some plastic Sippy cups and some baby bottles, although many are now specifically labeled BPA-free. When independent tests were conducted on powdered infant formula and so-called BPA-free baby bottles, trace levels of BPA were found, suggesting its widespread use in so many other materials, that it may not be possible to get to a point of having a product or packaging that is 100 percent free of BPA. Make sure bottles and sippy cups are BPA, PVC and Phthalate-free. Avoid using baby bottles with plastic liners as they may leach chemicals.

Goat milk formulaGoat milk

I was approached by a family who had 8 children. The eldest was a daughter and the rest, sons. Their youngest had been having great difficulty from the very start. Mom had been breast feeding, but he was failing to thrive. He was just a few months old when they decided to depart the conventional medical route and figure out for themselves how best to help their son thrive. They asked me to mentor them in diary goat husbandry, because their desire was to feed their baby boy a formula made with fresh, organic goat milk. I helped them design their barn, find the equipment, feed and hay. I was driving down to South Carolina to get two does for myself and I got them two does also. I bred their does to my buck in the fall and they got goat milk from me until their does gave them milk in the spring. When their does were in labor, I assisted. Building the barn and caring for the goats had become part of the older children's homeschooling education. When they went on a trip, I cared for their goats and when we went away, they cared for mine. It was an awesome partnership. Their infant responded favorably to the dietary change and his health continued to improve to such a degree that the doctors marveled.

Make a homemade infant formula from goat milk

1. Goat milk has fewer allergens and is less allergenic
In the United States, the most common food allergy for children under three is cow’s milk. Mild side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, and skin rashes, and severe effects can be as serious as anaphylactic shock! This can be a serious condition. The allergic reaction can be blamed on a protein allergen known as Alpha s1 Casein, found in high levels in cow’s milk. The levels of Alpha s1 Casein in goat’s milk are about 89% less than cow’s milk, providing a far less allergenic food. In fact, a recent study of infants allergic to cow’s milk found that nearly 93% could drink goat’s milk with virtually no side effects!

2. Goat’s milk is naturally homogenized
Fresh cow’s milk separates, with cream rising to the top and skim milk on the bottom. Fresh goat’s milk does not separate. The natural separation process in cow’s milk is caused by a compound called agglutinin and it will always cause the cow’s milk to separate. Americans like everything in a uniform consistency, so the dairy industry utilizes a process called homogenization. This method forces the fluid milk through a tiny hole under tremendous pressure which destroys the fat globule cell wall and allows the milk and cream to stay homogeneous or suspended and well mixed. The problem with such homogenization is that once the cell wall of the fat globule has been broken, it releases a superoxide (free radical) known as Xanthine Oxidase. We know that free radicals cause a host of problems in the body, not the least of which is DNA mutations, which often lead to cancer! Thus, the benefit of natural homogenization comes into clear view. Goat’s milk has smaller fat globules and does not contain agglutinin, which allows it to stay naturally homogenized, thus eliminating the dangers associated with homogenization.

3. Goat’s milk is easier to digest
Goat’s milk has smaller fat globules, as well as higher levels of medium chain fatty acids. This means that during digestion, each fat globule and individual fatty acid will have a larger surface-to-volume ratio resulting in a quicker and easier digestion process. Also, when the proteins found in milk denature (clump up) in the stomach, they form a much softer bolus (curd) than cow’s milk. This allows the body to digest the protein more smoothly and completely than when digesting cow’s milk.

4. Goat’s milk rarely causes lactose intolerance
Goat milk has less lactose. All milk contains certain levels of lactose, which is also known as ‘milk sugar.’ A relatively large portion of the population suffers from a deficiency of lactobacillus bacteria which produce an enzyme known as lactase, which is needed to digest lactose. This deficiency results in a condition known as lactose intolerance, which is a fairly common ailment. Lactose intolerance and cow’s milk allergy are two distinctly different conditions. Cow’s milk allergy (CMA) is due to a protein allergen, while lactose intolerance is due to a carbohydrate sensitivity.

Goat’s milk contains about 10% less lactose than cow’s milk and therefore is easier to digest for those with lactose intolerance. Countless lactose intolerant people are able to thrive on goat’s milk if they take a high quality digestive enzyme when they consume goat milk products and cultured dairy is best tolerated. It has been hypothesized that since goat’s milk is digested and absorbed in a superior manner, there is no “leftover” lactose. Leftover lactose remains undigested and feeds harmful gut bacteria, which causes the uncomfortable effects of lactose intolerance.

Kids Digest Powder

5. Goat’s milk is more biocompatible to the human body than cow’s milk
In terms of biochemistry, we know that goat’s milk has a greater amount of essential fatty acids, such as linoleic and arachidonic acid, than cow’s milk. Goat milk has significantly greater amounts of vitamin B-6, vitamin A, and niacin. Goat’s milk is also a far superior source of the vitally important nutrient potassium. This extensive amount of potassium causes goat’s milk to react in an alkaline way within the body, whereas cow’s milk is lacking in potassium and ends up reacting in an acidic way.

Thermodynamically speaking, goat’s milk is better for human consumption. A baby usually starts life at around 7-9 pounds, a baby goat (kid) usually starts life at around 7-9 pounds, and a baby cow (calf) usually starts life at around 100 pounds. Now speaking from a purely thermodynamic position, these two animals have very significant and different nutritional needs for both maintenance and growth requirements. Cow’s milk is designed to take a 100 pound calf and transform it into a 1200 pound cow. Goat’s milk and human milk were both designed and created for transforming a 7-9 pound baby/kid into an average adult/goat of anywhere between 100-200 pounds. This significant discrepancy, along with many others, is contributing to national obesity rates in the U.S.

To conclude, we have seen that goat’s milk has several attributes that cause it to be a far superior choice to cow’s milk. Goat’s milk is less allergenic, naturally homogenized, easier to digest, lactose intolerant friendly, and biochemically and thermodynamically superior to cow’s milk. I recommend Mt. Capra’s goat’s milk products because they do not contain any growth hormones or antibiotics that massive cow dairies have come to rely upon.

When breast feeding isn’t an option or supplementation to breast feeding is needed, parents need to know they have the choice to make their own formula and avoid some of the nasty ingredients found in commercial formulas. Most commercial formulas are loaded with cheap carbohydrate like corn syrup, cheap protein like GMO soy and cheap fat like vegetable oils, with preservatives, synthetic vitamins and minerals, and other artificial ingredients.

Mt. Capra created a formula recipe to resemble mother’s milk as closely as possible.Yes, we want a nice label that lists all the nutrition facts and clearly details exactly the amounts of fat, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals, probiotics, bio-active components like nucleotides, cytokines, and growth factors in mother’s milk, but human breast milk doesn’t provide that either. There are literally huge changes in the composition of breast milk that make it impossible to give an exact nutritional profile. The best that can be done is to analyze thousands of samples of breast milk for hundreds of different women at different times during their lactation, taking into account such variables as time post-partum, minutes into feeding (foremilk vs hindmilk), ethnicity, region, age, diet, health status, etc. The list of variables needed to determine the nutritional profile of breast milk is mind boggling. However, there is some detailed analysis that shows in each 8 ounces of milk on average breast milk contains the following nutrient profile.

Per 8 ounces Goat Milk Formula Breast milk
Calories 163.3 165.6
Carbohydrates 17.5 17.5
Fat 9 9.3
Protein 4 3.3

So even though the nutritional composition of breast milk might vary (some estimate by as much as a factor of 3 during feeding) we can get a general ballpark for where an infant formula should be, nutritionally speaking. This recipe is very close in overall nutrient composition.

While goat milk is the perfect alternative to cow milk in an infant formula, an infants needs are slightly different than those of an adult or even a young child. First, if goat milk is the sole food being provided to an infant than protein content needs to be taken into account. The milk should be diluted to lower the protein content. This will ensure that the formula doesn’t contain protein levels that would be stressful to the newly formed kidneys of the infant. However, once you lower the protein levels by diluting the milk, you now have to increase the calories, carbohydrates, and fat, accordingly to make up for the dilution level.

When we compare the nutrition levels of breast milk to goat milk below, we see that goat milk is the closest in composition to human milk, but there are still few nutritional gaps that need to be equalized. Therefore if you follow the recipe below (provided by Mt. Capra), the nutrition provided by your homemade goat milk infant formula should be very close to human breast milk.

Human Breast Milk Calories 172, Fat 11 grams, Protein 3 grams, Carbohydrates 17 grams
Goat Milk Formula Calories 173, Fat 11 grams, Protein 3.5 grams, Carbohydrates 17 grams

Recipe for Homemade Goat Milk Formula

Note: Mt. Capra has spent many hours researching and refining this goat milk infant formula recipe and formatted it into a convenient recipe card size that is easily printable and comes with step by step instructions. The proportions listed below are for making an 8 oz. bottle. You can get a free goat milk infant formula recipe card download at Mt. Capra website. For your convenience, it has a conversions table so that you can mix 1 pint, 1 quart, and 1 gallon of the formula without doing a single calculation in your head.

CapraMilk - All natural premium full fat, whole goat milk powder – 1 heaping tbsp. (14 grams)
Goat milk is a remarkable food in that it more closely resembles the protein, fat, and carbohydrate structure of breast milk than literally any other ingredient available. The benefits range from the nucleotide (DNA) structure of goat milk being as similar to breast milk to the presence of taurine in goat milk amounting to 20 times that of cow’s milk which is, not surprisingly, the same ratio found in human breast milk.

Capra Lactose - Goat Milk Lactose Sugar – 1 tbsp. (12 grams)
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for baby and there is a fair amount of flexibility here. Lactose it is true “milk sugar,” a combination of glucose and galactose, which is perfect for an infants diet. A babies digestive system was naturally designed to produce excessive amounts of lactase, an enzyme used to digest lactose, so the fit is natural. However, if mom didn’t have the beneficial bacteria to transfer to her infant, which is true in most cases these days (see video ‘How Did I Get So Sick?’, then supplementation with a high quality infant digestive enzyme will make up the difference. Reestablishing Lactobacillus acidophilus (good bacteria) in the newly formed GI tract of your little one is the key. Other good options for your carbohydrate sources are organic, raw turbinado sugar, organic maple syrup or brown rice syrup. Not agave and honey is not a good option as it is not recommend.

100% Grass-Fed Pastured Goat Milk Ghee Clarified butter – ½ tsp.
This is one of nature’s greatest fat sources. Ghee is the clarified “butter oil” from goat milk cream and does not contain any of the allergens found in cow milk. Mt. Capra is currently the only company in the world producing this unique food. Saturated fat is extremely important for the brain development and overall health of your growing little one. The saturated fat in goat milk ghee is high in medium chain triglycerides (MCT’s) and because our goats are grass-fed, their ghee contains Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA), as well as important fatty acids such as lauric acid, which is found in high amounts in breast milk. Coconut oil is the most requested ingredient replacement question, but it is a common allergen. Coconut oil is not biocompatible with any blood type and I recommend you avoid it completely. Mt. Capra created their goat milk ghee to address this need and because this formula is meant to be a low-allergy option, the Goat Milk Ghee is a great tool for those little ones who are especially sensitive to the allergens found in coconut oil.

Eden Organic Safflower Oil – ½ tsp sunflower oil for infant formula goat milk
Safflower oil delivers more healthy fats, this time in the form of poly and monounsaturated fats and especially the essential fatty acid linoleic acid which is vital in infant nutrition. Sunflower oil is also a good option. Both are a source of Vitamin E, but make sure you buy organic, non-GMO varieties of this oil. Eden Organic Safflower Oil is an all purpose, mild tasting vegetable oil created without chemical processes. Their low heat, low volume method of seed pressing leaves the full aroma and flavor intact. It is nitrogen flushed when bottled. Store it in the dark and keep it cool to protect nutrients.

Unsulphured Blackstrap molasses tsp
Black syrup molasses is high in B vitamins, minerals, and is a natural source of iron. To help keep baby from getting constipated from too much iron, be careful not to give too much! Make sure you get the organic, unsulphured variety as it is far less processed.

Infant probiotic strain – tsp.
Probiotics are designed to be naturally present in breast milk, but if they are deficient or absent, there are several different strains that are perfectly designed for infants. Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, and Saccaromyces boulardii all have clinical research that shows safety in infants as well as many beneficial effects. There are many high quality infant probiotics available. Since most probably will only recommend them for kids 3 and up, I suggest only using half a dose but probiotics are amazingly safe and I would have no problem using the regular strength or even double the strength if the situation needed it. Remember, this ingredient only needs to be added only once per day and should be kept in the refrigerator until right before you add it to the bottle. Heat kills probiotic!

Infant formula vitamins/minerals – ¼ tsp.
I recommend NutriStart Multivitamin Powder created by Rainbow Light®. There are a lot of possible vitamin/mineral combinations to use, but this one contains no added preservative, colors, or artificial flavors. Remember, this one you only need to add to one bottle per day as it will contain all the vitamins/minerals needed for that day. Please don’t add this to every bottle.

Children’s Multi Vitamin/Mineral Hypoallergenic - 120 capsules

DHA and colostrum
Parents what a formula that is simple enough to make regularly and keep it far less expensive than store bought formula, but if you want to make a great formula that much better, I highly recommend adding DHA and colostrum. Mt Capra offers the only commercially available goat milk colostrum.

Goat Milk Colostrum powder (174 g)– 1 scoop (1,450 mg)
Colostrum is the thick yellow fluid which is produced as a precursor to mother’s milk. It is found in humans, goats, and other mammals where it is produced by the mother for two days following birth. Colostrum can be described as a brilliantly designed transfer system, which effectively “jump starts” a newborn’s undeveloped immune system. Colostrum adds many beneficial bioactive ingredients such as lactoferrin, cytokines, growth factors, and immunoglobulins. It only needs to be added once per day. Make sure to get the powdered version for easy mixing.

Baby DHA for infant formula – Based on weight
DHA also known as Docosahexaenoic acid is found in fish, algae and most importantly here, breast milk. It is not found in goat milk and I would highly recommend adding it to your formula if you don’t mind the slightly fishy taste it might give the milk. This is another ingredient that only needs to be added once per day based on the the weight of baby. Supports learning and language abilities! Adequate intake of DHA is essential for proper brain development in infants. Nordic Naturals DHA Infant™ is made exclusively from Nordic Naturals' Gold Standard 100% Arctic Cod Liver Oil. It is formulated for the specific omega-3 nutritional needs of infants 5 to 35 lbs. (or as directed by a health care professional). Note of caution: Please be careful not to give too much vitamin A by supplementing with a multivitamin + fish oil.

Product Highlights:
- Supports healthy brain‚ eye‚ and nervous system function.
- With added natural vitamin D3 for further support of healthy development.
- Measured dropper for easy addition to formula or food.

Caprotein - Natural Vanilla Flavor 1 lb (453 Grams) - 2 heaping tablespoons
The most digestible protein on the planet! It is made from goat milk that contains no antibiotics or growth hormones. It contains natural probiotics and partially pre-digested fermented protein with absolutely no artificial anything! This would be helpful for an infant with type O or B blood, because they tend to have a higher protein requirement than blood type A or AB.


During the first year, you don’t need to supplement formula with bottles of water, not even on hot summer days. In fact, giving infants water can be dangerous because they can easily suffer from water intoxication, a condition in which their developing kidneys can't excrete water fast enough. As a result, water builds up in the body and dilutes the electrolyte balance of the blood, which can cause seizures, coma, or even death. Give your baby a little extra breast milk or formula instead of water if you sense that she's thirsty on especially hot days.

You should never try to stretch formula with extra water. Improperly diluted formula can lead to malnutrition and possibly water intoxication, which can be life-threatening. On the other hand, too little water puts an excessive burden on an infant's kidneys and digestive system, and may lead to dehydration.

Bio-individuality and introducing solid foods

Every baby is an individual who has a blood type that needs to be fed in harmony with its unique biochemistry. Don’t rush introducing solid foods. Your breast milk is the best food for your baby and it is important to continue providing this nourishment for as long as possible. Babies lack the digestive enzymes to break down solid foods and the digestive system is still developing until two years of age. Swallowing and tongue reflexes need to develop to avoid choking.

When you begin to introduce pureed foods, I highly recommend you avoid commercial baby foods, even organic healthy brands. Most of them have processed ingredients and fillers, such as tapioca, rice flour, modified corn starch, hydrogenated oils, solvents from manufacture, sugar, salt, corn syrup and food additives. It costs less and takes very little time to make your own baby food from organic whole food ingredients that you can feed to your baby with confidence in its source, ingredients and preparation. Choose as many of the highly beneficial foods, based on blood type (email for the free PDF), as you possibly can and make them the centerpiece of your child’s diet to ensure optimum health and vitality for your growing child. Use the same good hygiene practices you should be carrying out while preparing your own meals. If you are not going to feed it, freeze it. Never use a microwave!

Biocompatible food list

Avoid these foods during the first year on solid foods
Honey, raisins, nuts, popcorn, raw vegetables, peanut butter, salt, sugar, strong spices, processed foods, including canned fruits and vegetables, because they are loaded with food additives and solvents.

Don’t be anxious about feeding schedules — how often, how much. Your baby will develop his or her own patterns. Be patient, relax, let your child find his or her own rhythm, within reason. Your baby will resonate with your mood, emotions, fears, stress and anxiety. Feeding a baby who has had multiple feeding challenges can cause mom's to develop PTSD around feeding their baby. I can help you.

The ingredients in infant and toddler formulas are almost identical to those in commercially prepared g-tube formulas. Nutritionists and doctors focus on macronutrients, but the source and quality of the proteins, fats and carbohydrates are of little concern to them. The quality and source of macronutrients are critically important to achieve optimal health and vitality for a long life.

Please reach out to me via email to schedule your free introductory consultation. I look forward to serving you.
Johnna Wheeler - Certified Eating Psychology Coach

Disclaimer: This article is based on the research I have done, combined with personal and professional experience. Your research and experience may differ. The information has come from sources I have found to be reliable, and is based on my experience with clients. This informationa is provided for educational purposes only. You are solely responsible for what you do with this information. My goal is to be a helpful resource for information. I am not a doctor and I cannot prescribe. My focus is on biocompatible, whole food nutrition, eating psychology, candida yeast and leaky gut.

Guidelines for giving nutritional advice

Family Dinner-iStock_000008810869XSmall

My assumption is that you value your health and the health of those you care about. You want to share what you’ve learned from your own experience, and perhaps even encourage them not to make the mistakes you've made. If you’ve tried to persuade anyone to eat healthy, it’s very likely that you have said one of the following statements.
1. You will be really healthy.
2. You will love longer.
3. You will have the ideal weight and look great.
4. Don’t eat that food because it’s bad for you. You are what you eat. Garbage in, garbage out.
5. There is irrefutable scientific proof that says my nutritional approach is “right.”

If you read any popular nutrition or diet book, the expert will very likely give you some version of the above. Yes, there are some nuggets of wisdom and usefulness in the strategies they believe in and follow themselves, but there are so many different and conflicting nutritional systems available that people get confused. They can’t all be right! Just because the way someone eats is working for them now, doesn't mean it will work for then long term or that they will work for someone else, because everyone's biochemistry and physical needs change and every person is uniquely different. This is also true within a family, based on age, sex, blood type and other factors. A nutritional system may work for a few months or a couple years, but if it is not a diet the body can sustain itself on for life, then the initial benefits will give way to deficiency and organ dysfunction.

Eaters these days are suffering from a “high fact diet” because they are overwhelmed with nutritional information that doesn’t agree with their own body wisdom or common sense. Body wisdom trumps nutritional information every time. You need to follow your own innate guidance telling you what to eat and not eat, by listening to the language of the body. Symptoms are the body's way of communicating to you how a particular food or combination of foods was received. I invite you to tap into your intuition and the intelligence of your own body, explore and experiment in the spirit of adventure and true science.

When you question their choice of foods, what you are also saying is what they are currently eating is terrible. They may or may not be aware, but even if they are eating Hostess cupcakes for breakfast, Twinkie's for snack, PopTarts for lunch, Cocoa Puffs for dinner and a donut for dessert, drinking soda all day and they feel fatigued, don’t judge. You don’t know how they were fed as a child, how they were taught, who they are now or what motivates the way they nourish themselves. Respect them, no matter what they eat.

You have your own unique metabolic journey. They are very likely not even close to the same place you are with food, body and emotions. Allow them to travel their own journey and experience ill health, to learn life lessons that are more valuable and cannot be learned any other way. When they come-round, be ready to help, but remember that nutritional guidance should be prepared and served with love. People need to know how much you care, so speak from a place of genuine love for them. Using punishing language skews their relationship with food and with themselves. Communicate with kindness and elevate them.

Any nutritional approach that is rigid or strict, and lacks variety, joy, fun or flavor will be rejected. Compromise and negotiate. Don't expect them to do a total about-face and start eating more healthy choices, every meal, every day, all at once. Chances are, you learned gradually and made changes as you experimented with the information you received. They have a similar learning curve to follow too.

Nutrition information that is delivered without an equal balance of passion and compassion is not pleasing. Don’t speak from your head, but from every cell of your body that has experienced what it's like to feel fabulous. Spice it up with interesting ideas and alternatives, instead of a list of do's and don'ts.

eat healthy whole food

Inspire by your own healthy example. Nutritional advice is valued when it’s more than just about food. We eat healthy to have the kind of vibrant biology that allows us to express our fullest potential. Good nutrition connects body and soul. It’s about feeding your own greatness, so you can live the best life possible and serve the world.